science education

Exploring Nature Science Education Resource:

Life Science, Earth Science, and Physical Science Resources for K-12

Canadian Province - New Brunswick

Canadian Province - New Brunswick color map

New Brunswick is a Canadian Province on the Atlantic coast that is bordered by the Gaspé Peninsula of Quebec in the north and connects to Nova Scotia by the sliver of the Isthmus of Chignecto in the southeast. The western edge borders the U.S. state of Maine. The rest of the province is surrounded by water – the Gulf of St. Lawrence in the east and the Bay of Fundy in the south. The Bay of Fundy is famous for having the highest rise and fall of tides in the world – 52 feet (16 meters).  New Brunswick's capital is Fredericton, but its biggest city is St. John on the coast of the Bay of Fundy.

New Brunswick covers 18 million acres (72,908 square km or 28,150 square miles) and falls into a biological "Ecozone" called Atlantic Maritime. This region has mixed forests (Acadian Forest) and sand dunes along the coast. About 85% of New Brunswick is forested – 15,337,831 acres (6,207,000 Hectares). There are 32 species of trees including: white pine, red spruce, eastern hemlock, white-cedar, beech, red oak, black cherry, and white ash. Mammals of this ecozone include: black bear, Canada lynx, bobcat, moose, white-tail deer, raccoon, red fox, otter, coyote, fisher, musket, mink, beaver, snowshoe hare, porcupine, chipmunk and squirrels.

New Brunswick's mountainous region includes the Notre Dame Mountain Range found in the Province's panhandle, which is part of the northern end of the Appalachian Mountains. This range has the tallest point in the Province – Mount Carleton at 2,680 feet (817 meters).

New Brunswick also has about 3,417 miles (5,500 km) of coastline between the Gulf of St. Lawrence and the Bay of Fundy. Coastal habitats include beaches, dunes, mudflats, seagrass and kelp beds, barrier islands and salt marshes. Coastal habitats are important for wildlife and also provide protection from storm surges, flooding and erosion. Unfortunately these habitats are also vulnerable to damage from human development and almost 60% of the New Brunswick's population lives within 30 miles (50 km) of the coast.

Canadian Province - New Brunswick color poster

Location Labeling Page

Canadian Province - New Brunswick

Location Color Poster

Canadian Province - New Brunswick ecozones

Mammal List

Mammals:
Bat (Big Brown) - Eptesicus fuscus
Bat (Eastern Red) - Lasiurus borealis
Bat (Eastern Pipistrelle) - Pipistrellus subflavus
Bat (Hoary) - Lasiurus cinereus
Bat (Keen's) - Myotis keenii
Bat (Little Brown Myotis) - Myotis lucifugus
Bat (Silver-haired) - Lasionycteris noctivagans
Bear (Black) - Ursus americanus
Beaver  - Castor canadensis
Boar (Wild) - Sus scrofa
Bobcat - Lynx rufus
Caribou - Rangifer tarandus
Chipmunk (Eastern) - Tamias striatus
Coyote - Canis latrans
Deer (White-tailed) - Odocoileus virginianus
Fisher - Martes pennanti
Fox (Arctic) - Alopex lagopus
Fox (Red) - Vulpes vulpes
Hare (Arctic) - Lepus arcticus or Lepus timidus
Hare (Snowshoe) - Lepus americanus
Lemming (Southern Bog) - Synaptomys cooperi
Lynx (Canadian) - Lynx canadensis
Marten (American) - Martes americana
Mink (American) - Neovison vison
Mole (Star-nosed) - Condylura cristata
Moose - Alces alces
Mountain Lion (very rare) - Felis concolor
Mouse (Deer) - Peromyscus maniculatus
Mouse (House) - Mus musculus
Mouse (Meadow Jumping) - Zapus hudsonius
Mouse (White-footed) - Peromyscus leucopus
Mouse (Woodland Jumping) - Napaeozapus insignis
Muskrat  - Ondatra zibethicus
Otter (River) - Lontra canadensis
Porcupine - Erethizon dorsatum
Raccoon  - Procyon lotor
Rat ( Black) - Rattus rattus
Rat (Norway) - Rattus norvegicus
Shrew (Arctic) - Sorex arcticus
Shrew (Gaspe) - Sorex gaspensis
Shrew (Longtail) - Sorex dispar
Shrew (Maritime) - Sorex maritimensis
Shrew (Masked) - Sorex cinereus
Shrew (Northern Water) - Sorex palustris
Shrew (Pygmy) - Microsorex hoyi
Shrew (Short-tailed) - Blarina brevicauda
Shrew (Smoky) - Sorex fumeus
Skunk (Striped) - Mephitis mephitis
Squirrel (Eastern Gray) - Sciurus carolinensis
Squirrel (Northern Flying) - Glaucomys sabrinus
Squirrel (Red) - Tamiasciurus hudsonicus
Squirrel (Southern Flying)  - Glaucomys volans
Vole (Boreal Red-backed) - Clethrionomys gapperi
Vole (Meadow) - Microtus pennsylvanicus
Vole (Yellownose) - Microtus chrotorrhinus
Weasel (Short-tailed or Ermine) - Mustela erminea
Wolf (Gray) - Canis lupus (very rare)
Wolverine - Gulo gulo (very rare)
Woodchuck  - Marmota monax

Marine Mammals:
Dolphin (Atlantic White-sided) - Lagenorhynchus acutus
Dolphin (Bottlenose) - Tursiops truncatus
Dolphin (Striped) - Stenella coeruleoalba
Dolphin (Saddle-backed) - Delphinus delphis
Seal (Harbor) - Phoca vitulina
Whale (Beluga) - Delphinapterus leucas
Whale (Blue) - Balaenoptera musculus
Whale (Fin) - Balaenoptera physalus
Whale (Humpback) - Megaptera novaeangliae
Whale (Killer) - Orcinus orca
Whale (Minke) - Balaenoptera acutorostrata
Whale (North Atlantic Right) - Eubalaena glacialis
Whale (Sei) - Balaenoptera borealis

Color the Mammals

Canadian Province - New Brunswick mammals coloring page

Label the Mammals

Canadian Province - New Brunswick mammals labeling page

Birds:
albatross (yellow-nosed)
avocet (American)
bittern (American)
bittern (least)
blackbird (Brewer's)
blackbird (red-winged)
blackbird (rusty)
blackbird (yellow-headed)
bluebird (eastern)
bluebird (mountain)
bobolink
bunting (indigo)
bunting (lark)
bunting (painted)
bunting (snow)
cardinal (northern)
catbird (gray)
chickadee (black-capped)
chickadee (boreal)
Chuck-will's-widow
coot (American)
cormorant (double-crested)
cormorant (great)
cowbird (brown-headed)
cowbird (shiny)
crane (sandhill)
creeper (brown)
crossbill (red)
crossbill (white-winged)
crow (American)
cuckoo (black-billed)
cuckoo (yellow-billed)
curlew (Eskimo)
curlew (long-billed)
dickcissel
dove (Eurasian collared)
dove (mourning)
dove (rock)
dove (white-winged)
dovekie
dowitcher (long-billed)
dowitcher (short-billed)
duck (American black)
duck (American widgeon)
duck (Barrow's goldeneye)
duck (black scoter)
duck (blue-winged teal)
duck (bufflehead)
duck (canvasback)
duck (cinnamon teal)
duck (common eider)
duck (common goldeneye)
duck (common teal)
duck (Eurasian widgeon)
duck (fulvous whistling)
duck (gadwall)
duck (garganey)
duck (goosander)
duck (greater scaup)
duck (harlequin)
duck (king eider)
duck (Labrador)
duck (lesser scaup)
duck (long-tailed or oldsquaw)
duck (mallard)
duck (northern pintail)
duck (northern shoveler)
duck (redhead)
duck (ring-necked)
duck (ruddy)
duck (surf scoter)
duck (tufted)
duck (white-winged scoter)
duck (wood)
dunlin
eagle (bald)
eagle (golden)
egret (cattle)
egret (great)
egret (little)
egret (snowy)
falcon (gyrfalcon)
falcon (peregrine)
fieldfare
finch (house)
finch (purple)
flicker (northern)
flycatcher (Acadian)
flycatcher (alder)
flycatcher (ash-throated)
flycatcher (fork-tailed)
flycatcher (great-crested)
flycatcher (least)
flycatcher (olive-sided)
flycatcher (scissor-tailed)
flycatcher (sulfur-bellied)
flycatcher (willow)
flycatcher (yellow-bellied)
fulmar (northern)
gannet (northern)
gnatcatcher (blue-gray)
godwit (black-tailed)
godwit (Hudsonian)
godwit (marbled)
goldfinch (American)
goose (barnacle)
goose (brant)
goose (Canada)
goose (great white-fronted)
goose (pink-footed)
goose (Ross's)
goose (snow)
grackle (common)
grèbe (eared)
grèbe (horned)
grèbe (pied-billed)
grèbe (red-necked)
grèbe (western)
grosbeak (black-headed)
grosbeak (blue)
grosbeak (evening)
grosbeak (pine)
grosbeak (rose-breasted)
grouse (ruffed)
grouse (spruce)
guillemot (black)
gull (Bonaparte’s)
gull (California)
gull (Franklin's)
gull (glaucous)
gull (great black-backed)
gull (herring)
gull (Iceland)
gull (ivory)
gull (laughing)
gull (lesser black-backed)
gull (little)
gull (mew)
gull (ring-billed)
gull (Sabine's)
harrier (northern)
hawk (broad-winged)
hawk (Cooper's)
hawk (northern goshawk)
hawk (red-shouldered)
hawk (red-tailed)
hawk (rough-legged)
hawk (sharp-shinned)
hawk (Swainson's)
heron (black-crowned night)
heron (great blue)
heron (green)
heron (little blue)
heron (tricolored)
heron (yellow-crowned night)
hummingbird (black-chinned)
hummingbird (broad-billed)
hummingbird (ruby-throated)
hummingbird (rufous)
ibis (glossy)
ibis (white)
jaeger (parasitic)
jaeger (pomarine)
jay (blue)
jay (gray)
junco (dark-eyed)
kestrel (American)
kestrel (common)
killdeer
kingbird (eastern)
kingbird (gray)
kingbird (thick-billed)
kingbird (western)
kingfisher (belted)
kinglet (golden-crowned)
kinglet (ruby-crowned)
kittiwake (black-legged)
lapwing (northern)
lark (horned)
longspur (chestnut-collared)
longspur (Lapland)
loon (common)
loon (Pacific)
loon (red-throated)
magpie (black-billed)
martin (purple)
meadowlark (eastern)
meadowlark (western)
merganser (common)
merganser (hooded)
merganser (red-breasted) or goosander
merlin
mockingbird (northern)
murre (common)
murre (thick-billed)
nighthawk (common)
nuthatch (red-breasted)
nuthatch (white-breasted)
oriole (Baltimore)
oriole (Bullock's)
oriole (orchard)
osprey
ovenbird
owl (barn)
owl (barred)
owl (boreal)
owl (burrowing)
owl (great gray)
owl (great horned)
owl (eastern screech)
owl (long-eared)
owl (northern hawk)
owl (northern saw-whet)
owl (short-eared)
owl (snowy)
oystercatcher (American)
partridge (gray)
parula (northern)
pelican (American white)
pelican (brown)
pewee (eastern wood)
phalarope (red)
phalarope (red-necked)
phalarope (Wilson's)
pheasant (common)
phoebe (eastern)
phoebe (Say's)
pigeon (band-tailed)
pipit (buff-bellied)
plover (American golden)
plover (black-bellied)
plover (piping)
plover (semipalmated)
puffin (Atlantic)
rail (clapper)
rail (king)
rail (sora)
rail (Virginia)
rail (yellow)
raven (common)
razorbill
red knot
redpoll (common)
redpoll (hoary)
redstart (American)
redwing
robin (American)
ruff
sanderling
sandpiper (Baird's)
sandpiper (buff-breasted)
sandpiper (curlew)
sandpiper (least)
sandpiper (pectoral)
sandpiper (purple)
sandpiper (semipalmated)
sandpiper (solitary)
sandpiper (spotted)
sandpiper (stilt)
sandpiper (upland)
sandpiper (western)
sandpiper (white-rumped)
sapsucker (yellow-bellied)
shearwater (Cory's)
shearwater (great)
shearwater (manx)
shearwater (sooty)
shrike (loggerhead)
shrike (northern)
siskin (pine)
skimmer (black)
skua (great)
skua (pomarine)
skua (south polar)
snipe (common)
solitaire (Townsend's)
sparrow (American tree)
sparrow (chipping)
sparrow (clay-colored)
sparrow (field)
sparrow (fox)
sparrow (golden-crowned)
sparrow (grasshopper)
sparrow (Harris's)
sparrow (house)
sparrow (lark)
sparrow (Le Conte's)
sparrow (Lincoln's)
sparrow (Nelson's sharp-tailed)
sparrow (Savannah)
sparrow (song)
sparrow (swamp)
sparrow (vesper)
sparrow (white-crowned)
sparrow (white-throated)
starling
stilt (black-necked)
stonechat (common)
stork (wood)
storm-petrel (Leach's)
storm-petrel (Wilson's)
swallow (bank)
swallow (barn)
swallow (cave)
swallow (cliff)
swallow (northern rough-winged)
swallow (tree)
swan (mute)
swan (tundra)
swift (chimney)
tanager (scarlet)
tanager (summer)
tanager (western)
tern (Arctic)
tern (black)
tern (Caspian)
tern (common)
tern (Forster's)
tern (gull-billed)
tern (least)
tern (roseate)
tern (royal)
tern (sandwich)
tern (sooty)
tern (white-winged black)
thrasher (brown)
thrasher (sage)
tropicbird (red-billed)
thrush (Bicknell's)
thrush (gray-cheeked)
thrush (hermit)
thrush (Swainson's)
thrush (varied)
thrush (wood)
titmouse (tufted)
towhee (eastern)
towhee (green-tailed)
towhee (spotted)
turnstone (ruddy)
veery
vireo (blue-headed)
vireo (Philadelphia)
vireo (red-eyed)
vireo (white-eyed)
vireo (warbling)
vireo (yellow-throated)
vulture (black)
vulture (turkey)
warbler (bay-breasted)
warbler (blackburnian)
warbler (blackpoll)
warbler (black-and-white)
warbler (black-throated blue)
warbler (black-throated gray)
warbler (black-throated green)
warbler (blue-winged)
warbler (Canada)
warbler (Cape May)
warbler (cerulean)
warbler (chestnut-sided)
warbler (Connecticut)
warbler (golden-winged)
warbler (hermit)
warbler (hooded)
warbler (Kentucky)
warbler (magnolia)
warbler (mourning)
warbler (Nashville)
warbler (orange-crowned)
warbler (palm)
warbler (pine)
warbler (prairie)
warbler (prothonotary)
warbler (Tennessee)
warbler (Townsend's)
warbler (Wilson's)
warbler (worm-eating)
warbler (yellow)
warbler (yellow-rumped)
warbler (yellow-throated)
waterthrush (Louisiana)
waterthrush (northern)
waxwing (Bohemian)
waxwing (cedar)
wheatear (northern)
whimbrel
whip-poor-will (eastern)
willet
woodcock (American)
woodpecker (American three-toed)
woodpecker (black-backed)
woodpecker (downy)
woodpecker (hairy)
woodpecker (pileated)
woodpecker (red-bellied)
woodpecker (red-headed)
woodpecker (yellow-bellied sapsucker)
wren (Bewick's)
wren (Carolina)
wren (house)
wren (marsh)
wren (sedge)
wren (winter)
yellowlegs (greater)
yellowlegs (lesser)

For more details about New Brunswick's birds: LINK

Canadian Province - New Brunswick birds coloring page
Canadian Province - New Brunswick birds labeling page

Amphibians:
Bullfrog (American) - Lithobates catesbeianus or Rana catesbeiana
Frog (Mink) - Lithobates septentrionalis
Frog (Northern Green) - Lithobates clamitans melanota
Frog (Northern Leopard) - Rana pipiens
Frog (Pickerel) - Lithobates palustris or Rana palustris
Frog (Wood) - Lithobates sylvaticus
Salamander (Blue-spotted) - Ambystoma laterale
Salamander (Red-spotted Newt or red eft) - Notophthalmus viridescens
Salamander (Eastern Red-backed) - Plethodon cinereus
Salamander (Four-toed) - Hemidactylium scutatum
Salamander (Northern Dusky) - Desmognathus fuscus
Salamander (Northern Two-lined) - Eurycea bislineata
Salamander (Spotted) - Ambystoma maculatum
Spring Peeper (Northern) - Pseudacris crucifer
Toad (American) - Anaxyrus americanus
Treefrog (Gray) - Hyla versicolor

Reptiles:
Snake (Marine Garter) - Thamnophis sirtalis pallidulus
Snake (Red-bellied) - Storeria occipitomaculata
Snake (Northern Ringneck) - Diadophis punctatus edwardsii
Snake (Smooth Green) - Opheodrys vernalis
Turtle (Painted) - Chrysemys picta
Turtle (Wood) - Clemmys insculpta (changing to Glyptemys insculpta)

Canadian Province - New Brunswick amphibians and reptiles coloring page
Canadian Province - New Brunswick amphibians and reptiles labeling page

Product Recommendation

Wild Science Workbook
Activities that Bridge Outdoor Exploration with Classroom Science
The activities in Wild Science will integrate outdoor exploration with the understanding and appreciation of science and environmental issues.

Using Wild Science as a guide, we invite you to rediscover your sense of wonder about the natural world and share it with the children you know.

Canadian Province - New Brunswick

Citing Research References

When you research information you must cite the reference. Citing for websites is different from citing from books, magazines and periodicals. The style of citing shown here is from the MLA Style Citations (Modern Language Association).

When citing a WEBSITE the general format is as follows.
Author Last Name, First Name(s). "Title: Subtitle of Part of Web Page, if appropriate." Title: Subtitle: Section of Page if appropriate. Sponsoring/Publishing Agency, If Given. Additional significant descriptive information. Date of Electronic Publication or other Date, such as Last Updated. Day Month Year of access < URL >.

Here is an example of citing this page:

Amsel, Sheri. "Canadian Province - New Brunswick" Exploring Nature Educational Resource ©2005-2019. October 22, 2019
< http://www.exploringnature.org/db/view/Canadian-Province-New-Brunswick >

Exploringnature.org has more than 2,000 illustrated animals. Read about them, color them, label them, learn to draw them.

cheetah, tiger, panda, fox, bear, cougar