science education

Exploring Nature Science Education Resource:

Life Science, Earth Science, and Physical Science Resources for K-12

Canadian Province - Manitoba

Canadian Province - Manitoba color map

Manitoba is the province in central Canada between Saskatchewan and Ontario and just north of Minnesota and North Dakota in the U.S. It has an extensive coastline with Hudson Bay and covers about 160,600,000 acres (250,947 square miles or 649,950 square km). Manitoba is thought to have more than 100,000 lakes – it's largest, Lake Winnipeg, covers about 6 million acres (9,465 square miles and 24,514 square km). The highest point in Manitoba is Baldy Mountain at 2,730 feet (832 meters). The capitol is Winnipeg – where more than half the people in the province live.
Manitoba has 141 million acres (570,000 square km) of boreal forest where 2,500 boreal woodland caribou and more than 700,000 barren ground caribou make their home. It is the breeding ground for more than 250 species of birds. As many as 300 million birds breed there each year.

Manitoba is broken down by scientists into natural communities called "Ecozones."

The northernmost region of Manitoba is in the Western Taiga Shield Ecozone. It is a flat, wet region of subarctic shrub tundra (in the north) and boreal forest (in the south) with long, cold winters. It acts as the transition between the Arctic and boreal forest and is dotted with millions of lakes left by the retreat of the glaciers. The lakes and bogs make it a popular breeding ground for waterfowl. The forest  (which along with the Boreal Shield Ecozone) covers 48% of Manitoba and includes: black and white spruce, jack pine, green alder, paper, white and dwarf birch, tamarack, balsam fir, quaking aspen, and balsam poplar. The region supports animals that can tolerate subarctic conditions, including black and polar bears, wolf, lynx, moose, barren-ground caribou, coyote, weasel, wolverine, river otter, red and arctic fox, muskrat, marten, mink, beaver, vole, red squirrel, and snowshoe hare. Humans mine ore and explore for oil in this region.

Between the Taiga Shield Ecozone and Hudson Bay, there is a small sliver of Southern Arctic Ecozone. This region, also called the Barren Lands, is a treeless plain with very long, very cold winters. It is in this ecozone that the barren-ground caribou come to have young in the short, cool summers. Because of the permafrost, the ground is wet throughout the summer and grows only dwarf shrubs, mosses, sedges and lichens.

South of the Taiga Shield is a large region called the Boreal Shield Ecozone covering almost 1/3 of Manitoba. This huge ecozone stretches all across Canada with rolling hills covered in boreal forest. Millions of lakes were left by the retreat of the glaciers. These, along with with its abundant bogs and fens found throughout the region, make it a popular breeding ground for waterfowl. The forests here include: black and white spruce, jack pine, green alder, paper, white and dwarf birch, tamarack, balsam fir, quaking aspen, and balsam poplar. The region supports black bear, wolf, lynx, moose, barren-ground and woodland caribou, coyote, weasel, wolverine, river otter, red and arctic fox, muskrat, marten, mink, beaver, voles, red squirrels, and snowshoe hare.

In northeastern Manitoba, along the Hudson Bay is the western tip of the Hudson Plains Ecozone. This region is a lowland plain dominated by wetlands – peat bogs and fens and with barren, coastal beaches and mudflats. There is a permafrost and long, very cold winters. Summers are short and cool. Polar bears frequent the coastal region as do breeding waterfowl. Woodland caribou, moose, black bear, fisher, marten, and arctic fox roam the inland wetlands. Humans use the region for outdoor recreation, including ecotourism where they view wildlife.

South of the Boreal Shield is the Boreal Plains Ecozone. This region has long, cold winters and warm summers. Wetlands – bogs, fens and peatlands – cover up to 50% of this region. The rest is mixed hardwood and coniferous forests of white and black spruce, jack pine, tamarack, white, water and Alaska birch, quaking aspen, willows, maple and balsam poplar. The region supports black bear, wolf, lynx, elk, white-tailed deer, moose, caribou, bison, coyote, weasel, river otter, badger, striped skunk, muskrat, marten, fisher, beaver, woodchuck, Richardson's, Franklin's and thirteen-lined ground squirrels, chipmunks, porcupine, eastern cottontail, and snowshoe hare. Humans log the forest and use it for hunting and outdoor recreation.

Southern Manitoba has the Prairie Ecozone. This cold, flat region was once tall grass prairie but today has been developed into agricultural and oil-producing land. This is considered part of the "Breadbasket of Canada" and as much as 94% of this ecozone is used for agriculture and grazing. There is also a lot of exploration for  natural gas, and petroleum. Little of the natural habitat is left in the region and it is considered the most endangered natural habitat in Canada today. Wildlife includes elk, white-tailed deer, coyote, badger, white-tailed jackrabbit, Richardson’s ground squirrel and northern pocket gopher.

Canadian Province - Manitoba color map

Location Labeling Page

Canadian Province - Manitoba map

Location Color Poster

Canadian Province - Manitoba ecozones

Mammal List

Mammals:
Antelope (Pronghorn) - Antilocapra americana
Badger (American) - Taxidea taxus
Bat (Big Brown) - Eptesicus fuscus
Bat (Eastern Red) - Lasiurus borealis
Bat (Hoary) - Lasiurus cinereus
Bat (Little Brown Myotis) - Myotis lucifugus
Bat (Northern long-eared) - Myotis septentrionalis
Bat (Silver-haired) - Lasionycteris noctivagans
Bear (Black) - Ursus americanus
Bear (Polar) - Ursus maritimus
Beaver  - Castor canadensis
Bison - Bison bison
Bobcat - Lynx rufus
Caribou - Rangifer tarandus
Chipmunk (Eastern) - Tamias striatus
Chipmunk (Least) - Tamias minimus
Coyote - Canis latrans
Deer (White-tailed)  - Odocoileus virginianus
Elk - Cervus canadensis
Fisher - Martes pennanti
Fox (Arctic) - Alopex lagopus
Fox (Gray) - Urocyon cinereoargenteus
Fox (Red) - Vulpes vulpes
Hare (Snowshoe) - Lepus americanus
Jackrabbit (White-tailed) - Lepus townsendii
Lemming (Collared) - Dicrostonyx richardsoni
Lemming (Northern Bog) - Synaptomys borealis
Lynx (Canadian) - Lynx canadensis
Marten (American) - Martes americana
Mink (American) - Neovison vison
Mole (Star-nosed) - Condylura cristata
Moose - Alces alces
Mouse (Deer) - Peromyscus maniculatus
Mouse (House) - Mus musculus - Introduced
Mouse (Meadow Jumping) - Zapus hudsonius
Muskrat  - Ondatra zibethicus
Otter (River) - Lontra canadensis
Pocket Gopher (Northern) - Thomomys talpoides
Pocket Gopher (Plains) - Geomys bursarius
Porcupine - Erethizon dorsatum
Rabbit (Eastern Cottontail) - Sylvilagus floridanus
Raccoon - Procyon lotor
Rat (Norway) - Rattus norvegicus
Shrew (American Water) - Sorex palustris
Shrew (Arctic) - Sorex arcticus
Shrew (Common or Masked) - Sorex cinereus
Shrew (Pygmy) - Microsorex hoyi
Shrew (Short-tailed) - Blarina brevicauda
Skunk (Striped) - Mephitis mephitis
Squirrel (Eastern Gray) - Sciurus carolinensis
Squirrel (Franklin's Ground) - Spermophilus franklinii
Squirrel (Northern Flying) - Glaucomys sabrinus
Squirrel (Red) - Tamiasciurus hudsonicus
Squirrel (Richardson's Ground) - Spermophilus richardsonii
Squirrel (Thirteen-lined Ground) - Spermophilus tridecemlineatus
Vole (Heather) - Phenacomys intermedius
Vole (Meadow) - Microtus pennsylvanicus
Vole (Prairie) - Microtus ochrogaster
Vole (Southern Red-backed) - Clethrionomys gapperi
Weasel (Least) - Mustela nivalis
Weasel (Long-tailed) - Mustela frenata
Weasel (Short-tailed or Ermine) - Mustela erminea
Wolf (Gray) - Canis lupus
Wolverine - Gulo gulo
Woodchuck - Marmota monax

For more details about Manitoba's Mammals: LINK

Color the Mammals

Canadian Province - Manitoba mammals coloring page

Label the Mammals

Canadian Province - Manitoba mammals labeling page

Birds:
avocet (American)
bittern (American)
bittern (least)
blackbird (Brewer's)
blackbird (red-winged)
blackbird (rusty)
blackbird (yellow-headed)
bluebird (eastern)
bluebird (mountain)
bobolink
brambling
bunting (indigo)
bunting (lark)
bunting (lazuli)
bunting (painted)
bunting (snow)
cardinal (northern)
catbird (gray)
chat (yellow-breasted)
chickadee (black-capped)
chickadee (boreal)
coot (American)
cormorant (double-crested)
cowbird (brown-headed)
crane (sandhill)
crane (whooping)
creeper (brown)
crossbill (red)
crossbill (white-winged)
crow (American)
cuckoo (black-billed)
cuckoo (yellow-billed)
curlew (long-billed)
dickcissel
dove (band-tailed pigeon)
dove (Eurasian collared)
dove (mourning)
dove (rock)
dove (white-winged)
dovekie
dowitcher (long-billed)
dowitcher (short-billed)
duck (American black)
duck (American widgeon)
duck (Barrow's goldeneye)
duck (black scoter)
duck (blue-winged teal)
duck (bufflehead)
duck (canvasback)
duck (cinnamon teal)
duck (common eider)
duck (common goldeneye)
duck (common teal)
duck (Eurasian widgeon)
duck (gadwall)
duck (garganey)
duck (goosander)
duck (greater scaup)
duck (harlequin)
duck (king eider)
duck (lesser scaup)
duck (long-tailed or oldsquaw)
duck (mallard)
duck (northern pintail)
duck (northern shoveler)
duck (redhead)
duck (ring-necked)
duck (ruddy)
duck (surf scoter)
duck (tufted)
duck (white-winged scoter)
duck (wood)
dunlin
eagle (bald)
eagle (golden)
egret (cattle)
egret (great)
egret (snowy)
falcon (gyrfalcon)
falcon (peregrine)
falcon (prairie)
finch (gray-crowned rosy-finch)
finch (house)
finch (purple)
flicker (northern)
flycatcher (alder)
flycatcher (great-crested)
flycatcher (least)
flycatcher (olive-sided)
flycatcher (scissor-tailed)
flycatcher (willow)
flycatcher (yellow-bellied)
gannet (northern)
gnatcatcher (blue-gray)
godwit (Hudsonian)
godwit (marbled)
goldfinch (American)
goose (brant)
goose (Canada)
goose (great white-fronted)
goose (Ross's)
goose (snow)
grackle (common)
grèbe (black-necked)
grèbe (Clark's)
grèbe (horned)
grèbe (pied-billed)
grèbe (red-necked)
grèbe (western)
grosbeak (black-headed)
grosbeak (evening)
grosbeak (pine)
grosbeak (rose-breasted)
grouse (ruffed)
grouse (sharp-tailed)
grouse (spruce)
grouse (willow)
guillemot (black)
gull (black-tailed)
gull (Bonaparte’s)
gull (California)
gull (common black-backed)
gull (Franklin's)
gull (glaucous)
gull (glaucous-winged)
gull (great black-backed)
gull (herring)
gull (Iceland)
gull (ivory)
gull (laughing)
gull (lesser black-backed)
gull (little)
gull (mew)
gull (ring-billed)
gull (Ross's)
gull (Sabine's)
gull (slaty-backed)
gull (Thayer's)
harrier (northern)
hawk (broad-winged)
hawk (Cooper's)
hawk (ferruginous)
hawk (northern goshawk)
hawk (red-shouldered)
hawk (red-tailed)
hawk (rough-legged)
hawk (sharp-shinned)
hawk (Swainson's)
heron (black-crowned night)
heron (great blue)
heron (green)
heron (little blue)
heron (yellow-crowned night)
hummingbird (broad-tailed)
hummingbird (ruby-throated)
hummingbird (rufous)
ibis (glossy)
ibis (white)
ibis (white-faced)
jaeger (long-tailed)
jaeger (parasitic)
jay (blue)
jay (Clark's nutcracker)
jay (gray)
jay (pinyon)
junco (dark-eyed)
kestrel (American)
killdeer
kingbird (eastern)
kingbird (western)
kingfisher (belted)
kinglet (golden-crowned)
kinglet (ruby-crowned)
kittiwake (black-legged)
lark (horned)
longspur (chestnut-collared)
longspur (Lapland)
longspur (McCown's)
longspur (Smith's)
loon (common)
loon (Pacific)
loon (red-throated)
loon (yellow-billed)
magpie (black-billed)
martin (purple)
meadowlark (eastern)
meadowlark (western)
merganser (hooded)
merganser (red-breasted)
merlin
mockingbird (northern)
moorhen (common)
murrelet (ancient)
nighthawk (common)
nuthatch (red-breasted)
nuthatch (white-breasted)
oriole (Baltimore)
oriole (orchard)
osprey
ovenbird
owl (barn)
owl (barred)
owl (boreal)
owl (burrowing)
owl (great grey)
owl (great horned)
owl (eastern screech)
owl (long-eared)
owl (northern hawk)
owl (northern saw-whet)
owl (short-eared)
owl (snowy)
partridge (gray)
parula (northern)
pelican (American white)
pewee (eastern wood)
pewee (western wood)
phalarope (red)
phalarope (red-necked)
phalarope (Wilson's)
pheasant (common)
phoebe (eastern)
phoebe (Say's)
pigeon (band-tailed)
pipit (buff-bellied)
pipit (Sprague's)
plover (American golden)
plover (black-bellied)
plover (piping)
plover (semipalmated)
prairie chicken (greater)
ptarmigan (rock)
rail (king)
rail (sora)
rail (Virginia)
rail (yellow)
raven (common)
red knot
redpoll (common)
redpoll (hoary)
redstart (American)
robin (American)
ruff
sanderling
sandpiper (Baird's)
sandpiper (buff-breasted)
sandpiper (curlew)
sandpiper (least)
sandpiper (pectoral)
sandpiper (purple)
sandpiper (semipalmated)
sandpiper (sharp-tailed)
sandpiper (solitary)
sandpiper (spotted)
sandpiper (stilt)
sandpiper (upland)
sandpiper (western)
sandpiper (white-rumped)
sapsucker (yellow-bellied)
shrike (loggerhead)
shrike (northern)
siskin (pine)
skua (pomarine)
solitaire (Townsend's)
snipe  (common)
sparrow (American tree)
sparrow (Baird's)
sparrow (black-throated)
sparrow (Brewer's)
sparrow (chipping)
sparrow (clay-colored)
sparrow (Eurasian tree)
sparrow (field)
sparrow (fox)
sparrow (golden-crowned)
sparrow (grasshopper)
sparrow (green-tailed)
sparrow (Harris's)
sparrow (house)
sparrow (lark)
sparrow (Le Conte's)
sparrow (Lincoln's)
sparrow (Nelson's sharp-tailed)
sparrow (Savannah)
sparrow (song)
sparrow (swamp)
sparrow (vesper)
sparrow (white-crowned)
sparrow (white-throated)
starling
stilt (black-winged)
stork (wood)
swallow (bank)
swallow (barn)
swallow (cliff)
swallow (northern rough-winged)
swallow (tree)
swallow (violet-green)
swan (mute)
swan (trumpeter)
swan (tundra)
swift (chimney)
tanager (scarlet)
tanager (summer)
tanager (western)
tern (Arctic)
tern (black)
tern (Caspian)
tern (common)
tern (Forster's)
tern (least)
tern (white-winged black)
thrasher (brown)
thrasher (curve-billed)
thrasher (sage)
thrush (gray-cheeked)
thrush (hermit)
thrush (Swainson's)
thrush (varied)
thrush (wood)
towhee (eastern)
towhee (green-tailed)
towhee (spotted)
turkey (wild)
turnstone (ruddy)
veery
vireo (blue-headed)
vireo (Philadelphia)
vireo (red-eyed)
vireo (white-eyed)
vireo (warbling)
vireo (yellow-throated)
vulture (black)
vulture (turkey)
warbler (bay-breasted)
warbler (blackburnian)
warbler (blackpoll)
warbler (black-and-white)
warbler (black-throated blue)
warbler (black-throated gray)
warbler (black-throated green)
warbler (blue-winged)
warbler (Canada)
warbler (Cape May)
warbler (cerulean)
warbler (chestnut-sided)
warbler (Connecticut)
warbler (golden-winged)
warbler (hooded)
warbler (Kentucky)
warbler (magnolia)
warbler (mourning)
warbler (Nashville)
warbler (orange-crowned)
warbler (palm)
warbler (pine)
warbler (prairie)
warbler (prothonotary)
warbler (Swainson's)
warbler (Tennessee)
warbler (Wilson's)
warbler (worm-eating)
warbler (yellow)
warbler (yellow-rumped)
warbler (yellow-throated)
waterthrush (northern)
waxwing (Bohemian)
waxwing (cedar)
wheatear (northern)
whimbrel
whip-poor-will
willet
woodcock (American)
woodpecker (black-backed)
woodpecker (downy)
woodpecker (hairy)
woodpecker (Lewis's)
woodpecker (pileated)
woodpecker (red-bellied)
woodpecker (red-headed)
woodpecker (yellow-bellied)
wren (house)
wren (marsh)
wren (rock)
wren (sedge)
wren (winter)
yellowlegs (greater)
yellowlegs (lesser)
yellowthroat (common)

Canadian Province - Manitoba  birds coloring page
Canadian Province - Manitoba birds labeling page

Amphibians:
Frog (Boreal Chorus) - Pseudacris maculate
Frog (Mink) - Lithobates septentrionalis
Frog (Northern Green) - Lithobates clamitans melanota
Frog (Northern Leopard) - Lithobates pipiens
Frog (Wood) - Rana sylvatica
Muddpuppy (Common) - Necturus maculosus maculosus
Salamander (Blue-spotted) - Ambystoma laterale
Salamander (Gray Tiger) - Ambystoma mavortium diaboli
Spadefoot (Plains) - Spea bombifrons
Spring Peeper - Pseudacris crucifer
Toad (American) - Anaxyrus americanus americanus
Toad (Canadian) - Bufo hemiophrys
Toad (Great Plains) - Bufo cognatus
Treefrog (Cope's Gray) - Hyla chrysoscelis
Treefrog (Gray) - Hyla versicolor

Reptiles:
Skink (Northern Prairie) -  Plestiodon septentrionalis septentrionalis
Snake (Northern Red-bellied) - Storeria occipitomaculata occipitomaculata
Snake (Plains Hognose) - Heterodon nasicus nasicus
Snake (Plains Garter) - Thamnophis radix
Snake (Red-sided Garter) - Thamnophis sirtalis parietalis
Snake (Smooth Green) - Opheodrys vernalis
Turtle (Eastern Snapping) - Chelydra serpentina serpentina
Turtle (Western Painted) - Chrysemys picta belli

Canadian Province - Manitoba amphibians and reptiles coloring page
Canadian Province - Manitoba  amphibians and reptiles labeling page

Product Recommendation

Canada: Manitoba's Animals and Habitats: Mini-Posters, Coloring and Labeling Bundle - Downloadable Only

Get to know Manitoba’s Animals and Habitats with the Manitoba, Canada Bundle.
This includes 12 downloadable pages:

Manitoba Map with Provience Symbols (Color)
Manitoba Map with Provience Symbols (Black & White)
Manitoba's Ecozone Map (Color)
Manitoba Mammals Coloring Page
Manitoba Mammals Labeling Page
Manitoba Birds Coloring Page
Manitoba Birds Labeling Page
Manitoba Amphibians and Reptiles Coloring Page
Manitoba Amphibians and Reptiles  Labeling Page
Northern Boreal Forest Mini-Poster (Color)
Boreal Plains of Canada Mini-Poster (Color)
Canada
Map Illustrated (Color)

Canadian Province - Manitoba downloadable

Citing Research References

When you research information you must cite the reference. Citing for websites is different from citing from books, magazines and periodicals. The style of citing shown here is from the MLA Style Citations (Modern Language Association).

When citing a WEBSITE the general format is as follows.
Author Last Name, First Name(s). "Title: Subtitle of Part of Web Page, if appropriate." Title: Subtitle: Section of Page if appropriate. Sponsoring/Publishing Agency, If Given. Additional significant descriptive information. Date of Electronic Publication or other Date, such as Last Updated. Day Month Year of access < URL >.

Here is an example of citing this page:

Amsel, Sheri. "Canadian Province - Manitoba" Exploring Nature Educational Resource ©2005-2019. July 17, 2019
< http://www.exploringnature.org/db/view/Canadian-Province-Manitoba >

Exploringnature.org has more than 2,000 illustrated animals. Read about them, color them, label them, learn to draw them.

cheetah, tiger, panda, fox, bear, cougar