They live throughout southern Canada, the Midwestern and Eastern U. S., and west to North Dakota and Texas. In western U. S. they are found along the Pacific Coast and northern Rocky Mountains.
They live in dense, leafy (deciduous) forests and mixed woods.
They are a large, crow-sized bird. They are mostly black with a white stripe down their face and neck and a bright red head crest.
They have a loud ringing call and are strong flyers.
They tap trees for insects and also eat fruits and nuts.
They nest in tree holes lined with wood chips. Female lays 1 - 6 eggs.
Species: D. pileatus
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