Meadow voles are found throughout most of Canada and Alaska, south through the northern half of U.S. and south down to Georgia.
They live in grassy fields, woodland, orchards, marshes, and along lakes and rivers.
Meadow voles are 5-7 inches long, including their tail and weigh about 1-2 ounces. They vary in color from yellowish, reddish to blackish-brown.
They build tunnels (runways) under the grass where they can travel safely from predators. They are active at night (nocturnal) in summer, and during the day (diurnal) in winter. They do not hibernate.
Meadow voles eat grass, seeds, leaves, roots, flowers, bark, bulbs, and insects.
They in turn are an important source of food for many predators, including hawks, owls, foxes, snakes, raccoons, etc.
Females are pregnant for 3 weeks (gestation) having 1-9 babies. They commonly have 5 litters a year.
Meadow Voles live 1.5 years in the wild. They are listed as Lower Risk - least concern.
Species: Microtus pennsylvanicus
When you research information you must cite the reference. Citing for websites is different from citing from books, magazines and periodicals. The style of citing shown here is from the MLA Style Citations (Modern Language Association).
When citing a WEBSITE the general format is as follows.
Author Last Name, First Name(s). "Title: Subtitle of Part of Web Page, if appropriate." Title: Subtitle: Section of Page if appropriate. Sponsoring/Publishing Agency, If Given. Additional significant descriptive information. Date of Electronic Publication or other Date, such as Last Updated. Day Month Year of access < URL >.
Amsel, Sheri. "Vole (Meadow)" Exploring Nature Educational Resource ©2005-2021. June 23, 2021
< http://www.exploringnature.org/db/view/Vole-Meadow >