There are many species of box turtle found both in North America and Asia. The Eastern Box Turtle is found in the eastern U.S. from Maine to Florida, and west to Michigan and south to Texas.
They live near streams, ponds and marshes in open woodlands, pastures, and marshy meadows.
They have a high, rounded shell (carapace) into which they can pull their whole body when they are in danger. Their shell can also grow back if hurt. Males have red irises and females have yellowish-brown irises.
In colder habitats in the north, box turtles sleep for the winter (hibernation), by digging into burrows or stream bottoms. They can live for more than 100 years.
They eat both plants and animals (omnivorous), including fish, frogs, salamanders, snails, slugs, worms, insects, mushrooms, roots, flowers, berries and even dead animals (carrion). They eat more meat when they are young and as adults eat almost all plants.
Their only real threat is man. People collecting box turtles for pets made them almost extinct in some places.
Females lay 3 – 8 eggs in a nest she digs in the sand with her back legs. She lays several sets of eggs (clutches) each year and they take about 3 months to hatch.
Species: T. carolina
When you research information you must cite the reference. Citing for websites is different from citing from books, magazines and periodicals. The style of citing shown here is from the MLA Style Citations (Modern Language Association).
When citing a WEBSITE the general format is as follows.
Author Last Name, First Name(s). "Title: Subtitle of Part of Web Page, if appropriate." Title: Subtitle: Section of Page if appropriate. Sponsoring/Publishing Agency, If Given. Additional significant descriptive information. Date of Electronic Publication or other Date, such as Last Updated. Day Month Year of access < URL >.
Amsel, Sheri. "Turtle (Eastern Box)" Exploring Nature Educational Resource ©2005-2020. July 7, 2020
< http://www.exploringnature.org/db/view/Turtle-Eastern-Box >