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Toad (American)

Bufo americanus
Toad (American)

Range

Toads, in general, are found all over the world, except environments that are cold year round and Australia.

Habitat

They live in many different kinds of habitats. They are found in wetlands, grasslands, forests and farms.

Body Traits

They are stout amphibians with warty skin. Their large “warts” contain glands that secrete a toxin that protects toads from being eaten. There is one large, swollen parotid gland behind each eye. They can grow large, some reaching 8 inches long, but usually only reach about 4.5 inches. They cary in color from tan, brown, gray, olive green, reddish to black. They often have a light stripe down the middle of the back. They have five toes on the their back feet – which are webbed and four toes on their front feet. They have large, dark, gold-rimmed eyes.

Habits

They spend their lives on land, only going back to the water to mate and lay eggs. They are active at night (nocturnal).

Diet

They eat insects, earthworms and other small animals.

Predators

Because of their toxic skin, they have few predators. Humans who handle a toad should wash their hands free of possible toxins afterward.

Reproduction

They mate and lay their strings of eggs in the water. The tadpoles that hatch grow and grow and develop into the adult toads.

Toad (American)
Toad (American), American Toad
American Toad

Classification

Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Class: Amphibia
Order: Anura
Family: Bufonidae
Genus: Bufo
Species: B. americanus

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