science education resource

For K-12 Students • Educators • Homeschool Families • Naturalists

Spider (Brown Recluse)

To view these resources with no ads please Login or Subscribe (and help support our site).

Loxosceles reclusa
Spider (Brown Recluse)


They are found in the central Midwestern states from southern Illinois south to the Gulf Coast.


They live on the ground under rocks and in the bark of trees. They also live in homes, barns, basements and garages. They like dark places.

Body Traits

They are tan to brown with a dark violin-shaped patch on the back of their front section (cephalothorax). They are covered with fine hairs. They have 2 body parts – a cephalothorax and an abdomen and including their 8 legs can just fit on a quarter. They only have 6 eyes (3 pairs).


They make a thick, messy web close to the ground. They will bite if bothered and have a very poisonous bite. Their poison can make the skin around the bite become very infected.


They eat insects, liking dead insects especially.

To view these resources with no ads, please Login or Subscribe (and help support our site).


The female lays about 50 eggs in a white egg sac in the spring which she attaches to a wall or rock. The babies (spiderlings) hatch out of the egg sac and go through several molts before becoming an adult, in about a year.

Spider (Brown Recluse)


Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Arachnida
Order: Araneae
Suborder: Neocribellatae
Family: Loxoscelidae
Genus: Loxosceles
Species: L. reclusa

Citing Research References

When you research information you must cite the reference. Citing for websites is different from citing from books, magazines and periodicals. The style of citing shown here is from the MLA Style Citations (Modern Language Association).

When citing a WEBSITE the general format is as follows.
Author Last Name, First Name(s). "Title: Subtitle of Part of Web Page, if appropriate." Title: Subtitle: Section of Page if appropriate. Sponsoring/Publishing Agency, If Given. Additional significant descriptive information. Date of Electronic Publication or other Date, such as Last Updated. Day Month Year of access < URL >.

Here is an example of citing this page:

Amsel, Sheri. "Spider (Brown Recluse) " Exploring Nature Educational Resource ©2005-2022. December 7, 2022
< > has more than 2,000 illustrated animals. Read about them, color them, label them, learn to draw them.