science education

Exploring Nature Science Education Resource:

Life Science, Earth Science, and Physical Science Resources for K-12

Seahorse (Common)

Hippocampus zosterae
Seahorse (Common)

Range

They are found throughout South East Asia, Australia, Japan and some Pacific islands (including Hawaii).

Habitat

They live in shallow water on coral reefs and coastlines, though they can attach to drifting plant mats that float out in the open ocean.

Body Traits

They hold their bodies upright and watch for prey with eyes that can move separately from each other. They have fins that sway to move them from place to place and a tail that can wrap around things (prehensile) to anchor them. They have no scales but only skin over their boney plate skeleton. Their cream-colored skin has dark spots and some species can change color to match their surroundings (camouflage). They have no teeth.

Habits

They use their camouflage to blend in and then wait for prey to swim by. Then they suck them into their tube-like mouth and swallow them whole. Seahorses bony-plates make them inedible to predators, but they have been over-collected by man.

Diet

They eat small ocean animals, like baby crabs and shrimp.

Reproduction

The male has a pouch on its belly, called the brood pouch. The female lays eggs into the male's pouch. The male then fertilizes the eggs and carries them for 3-4 weeks when the babies are born and begin their little lives on their own.

Seahorse (Common)

Classification

Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Syngnathiformes
Family: Syngnathidae
Genus: Hippocampus
Species: H. zosterae

Citing Research References

When you research information you must cite the reference. Citing for websites is different from citing from books, magazines and periodicals. The style of citing shown here is from the MLA Style Citations (Modern Language Association).

When citing a WEBSITE the general format is as follows.
Author Last Name, First Name(s). "Title: Subtitle of Part of Web Page, if appropriate." Title: Subtitle: Section of Page if appropriate. Sponsoring/Publishing Agency, If Given. Additional significant descriptive information. Date of Electronic Publication or other Date, such as Last Updated. Day Month Year of access < URL >.

Here is an example of citing this page:

Amsel, Sheri. "Seahorse (Common) " Exploring Nature Educational Resource ©2005-2019. May 25, 2019
< http://www.exploringnature.org/db/view/Seahorse-Common- >

Exploringnature.org has more than 2,000 illustrated animals. Read about them, color them, label them, learn to draw them.

cheetah, tiger, panda, fox, bear, cougar