They spend the summer breeding from Alaska across Canada to Newfoundland and into the northern U.S. south in the Appalachians mountains to North Carolina. They spend the winters in the southeastern U.S., south to Panama and the West Indies.
They live in open forests, orchards, gardens, and along streams.
They have a spotty brown back with lighter front. They have a red crown and chin with a black border. They have a bright white stripe running up and down on their wings.
They are common but shy. They have a mewing call.
They tap on trees for sap and insects to eat. They may also eat fruit.
They nest in trees holes. The female lays 2 - 7 white eggs.
Species: S. varius
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