They are found from the middle states (Oregon and New Jersey) south to the upper quarter of South America and breed in summer throughout Alaska and across Canada to the Eastern coast.
They are found in salt marshes and on mudflats and the muddy shores of fresh waterways (rivers, lakes, and estuaries).
They are smallest (5" long) shorebird with a short neck and a medium, long, dark beak. They have medium, long yellowish legs. Their backs are reddish brown with darker brown spotting.They have a lighter eyebrow. Chest has a brown band.
They search for food up higher along the drier margin of mudflats than other sandpipers.
They eat small creatures like crabs, snails, and insects (invertebrates).
They nest on the ground (tundra). The female lays up to 4 eggs.
Species: C. minutilla
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Amsel, Sheri. "Sandpiper (Least)" Exploring Nature Educational Resource ©2005-2019. September 19, 2019
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