How do the Earth, Sun and Moon work together to create different lunar phases?
Why do the phases of the moon occur?
Introductory Activities to Assess Prior Knowledge:
What do we know about the moon? Activity
– How many shapes of the moon have you seen?
– Why do you think the moon changes shape? Is there a pattern?
– How often do you think the moon changes shape?
– Why do you think the face of the moon is always the same if both the Earth and moon are spinning on their axis (rotating)?
Introducing New Knowledge:
Read the Phases of the Moon - An Illustrated Explanation below.
NGSS and Common Core Integration
MS-ESS1-1 Earth’s Place in the Universe
Disciplinary Core Ideas:
ESS1.A: The Universe and Its Stars
• Patterns of the apparent motion of the sun, the moon, and stars in the sky can be observed, described, predicted, and explained with models.
ESS1.B: Earth and the Solar System
• This model of the solar system can explain eclipses of the sun and the moon. Earth’s spin axis is fixed in direction over the short-term but tilted relative to its orbit around the sun. The seasons are a result of that tilt and are caused by the differential intensity of sunlight on different areas of Earth across the year.
• Patterns can be used to identify cause-and-effect relationships.
Science and Engineering Practices:
Developing and Using Models
Modeling in 6–8 builds on K–5 experiences and progresses to developing, using, and revising models to describe, test, and predict more abstract phenomena and design systems.
• Develop a model to describe phenomena.
Students who demonstrate understanding can:
MS-ESS1-1. Develop and use a model of the Earth-sun-moon system to describe the cyclic patterns of lunar phases, eclipses of the sun and moon, and seasons. [Clarification Statement: Examples of models can be physical, graphical, or conceptual.]
Common Core State Standards Connections:
SL.8.5 Integrate multimedia and visual displays into presentations to clarify information, strengthen claims and evidence, and add interest.(MS-ESS1-1)
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When citing a WEBSITE the general format is as follows.
Author Last Name, First Name(s). "Title: Subtitle of Part of Web Page, if appropriate." Title: Subtitle: Section of Page if appropriate. Sponsoring/Publishing Agency, If Given. Additional significant descriptive information. Date of Electronic Publication or other Date, such as Last Updated. Day Month Year of access < URL >.
Amsel, Sheri. "Phases of the Moon - An Illustrated Explanation" Exploring Nature Educational Resource ©2005-2022. December 3, 2022
< http://www.exploringnature.org/db/view/Phases-of-the-Moon-An-Illustrated-Explanation >