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Penguin (Chinstrap)

Pygoscelis antarctica
Penguin (Chinstrap)

Range

They are found in the waters around the Antarctic Peninsula and the islands along the Antarctic coast.

Habitat

They live on the ice shelves, on the open ocean and the rocky island shores.

Body Traits

They are white on the front and black on the back. They have a brush-like tail. They have red eyes and a black band under their chin. They are almost 2.5 feet tall and weigh up to 11 pounds. They are protected from very cold temperatures by a layer of fat and a thick, waterproof coat of feathers.

Habits

They can dive very deeply after prey (over 200 feet). There are more chinstrap penguins than any other kind of penguin. As the world warms and the Antarctic ice melts, chinstrap penguins, who like open-water, take over the habitats of other penguins, like the Adelie, who like more icepack. They are thought to be the most aggressive penguin and will attack other penguins. They are hunted by leopard seals, killer whales and sharks. Gulls will steal eggs and attack young penguins.

Diet

They eat krill, squid and fish.

Reproduction

They breed in large colonies, each making a nest of stones on the ice. Females lay 2 eggs. Both males and females take turns warming the eggs (incubation) for a few days each. They hatch in just over a month. They can live for up to 20 years.

Related Links

Related Resources and Activities:
Download Hi-Res Color Diagram
Penguin (Chinstrap) Coloring Page

Penguin (Chinstrap)

Classification

Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vetebrata
Class: Aves
Order: Sphenisciformes
Family: Spheniscidae
Genus: Pygoscelis
Species: P. antarcticus

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