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Leopardus pardalis

Range

They are found in the southern U.S., Mexico, throughout central American and into central South America (Argentina).

Habitat

They are found in the dense vegetation of rainforests, grasslands, scrublands, and even marshes. They prefer to live near water.

Body Traits

They are tawny-colored cats, though this may vary from gray to reddish depending upon their habitat, with black spots, rosettes, streaks, and lines. The fur inside the rosettes and streaks is darker in color, which makes their pelt look streaked. This coloration is excellent camouflage, which helps them sneak up on prey and avoid bigger predators. The tail, which is very long, has black rings that are most distinctive on the top side. They have black streaks across the inside of the legs and large paws. The back of their rounded ears are black with a light central spot. There are two black lines across the cheeks. Their fur is lighter on the chest and  belly. They are a medium-sized cat with males weighing up to 35 pounds (16 kg). Females are much smaller.

Habits

They are active at night (nocturnal) or early in the morning or evening (crepuscular). During the day, they sleep in dens, dense brush, or up in trees. They live alone (solitary), except for females with young and vert territorial. They are good climbers and swimmers. They communicate with cat sounds – yowls and meows.

Diet

They are carnivores, hunting at night (using their exceptional senses). They eat any animal they can find out at night, which includes: armadillos, mice, rabbits, opossums, agoutis, monkeys, anteaters, birds, reptiles, fish, and even deer.

Predators

They are killed by harpy eagles, jaguars, anacondas, and mountain lions.

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Reproduction

Females are pregnant for about 12 weeks (3 months) and have 1-2 babies in a den of thick brush. She till nurse them for about 1.5 months. They stay with their mother for more than a year, learning to hunt and survive. Adult females will only breed every two years.

Lifespan and/or Conservation Status

They live up to 10 years in the wild and twice that in captivity. They are endangered in some of their range because of habitat loss and hunting, but have a large range so are not threatened with extinction. Hunting them is banned now in much of their range. They are most abundant in Central America.

Classification

Kingdom: Chordata
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Carnivora
Family: Felidae
Genus: Leopardus
Species: Leopardus pardalis

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