science education

Exploring Nature Science Education Resource:

Life Science, Earth Science, and Physical Science Resources for K-12

Nevada Habitats, Mammals, Birds, Amphibians, Reptiles


Nevada has a variety of habitats from arid mountains and valleys to stark deserts. Because Nevada is the driest state, it is tempting to think of the whole state as a desert and indeed the southern third is within the Mojave desert. Yet Nevada is actually a mountainous state with more than 300 mountain ranges running north-south and more than 170 peaks between 2,000 and 13,000 feet tall. The state also has almost 10 million acres of forest and many rivers including the Colorado River (southern border), Carson River, Humboldt River and many others.

Nevada is made up of almost 71 million acres (7th largest state). 86% of Nevada (61 million acres) is owned by the federal government - making it the state with the most federal land. These lands include wilderness areas, national recreation areas and refuges, grazing lands and other protected lands.

Much of Nevada is within the Great Basin (all of northern Nevada), a huge arid area that stretches into five states (Nevada, California, Idaho, Utah and Oregon). The western edge is formed by the Sierra Nevada and Cascade Mountains which act as a "rain shadow" blocking rain from the Pacific from reaching the Basin. The eastern edge is formed by the Rocky Mountains and Colorado Plateau. The Great Basin is a closed watershed where moisture does not flow out. The mountains in the Great Basin have alpine and subalpine habitats near the top. As you descend the mountain, you would pass through a ponderosa pine zone into a pinyon pine-juniper zone and then to the valley floor to sagebrush and creosotebush zones.


List of Mammals for this State

For more information about Nevada's mammals (including Latin names) click on individual animal links or for another (off-site) resource: LINK

Coloring Mammals of this State


Labeling Mammals of this State


List of Amphibians & Reptiles for This State


  • bullfrog (American)
  • frog (relict leopard)
  • frog (spotted)
  • frog (Vegas Valley leopard)
  • salamander (tiger)
  • spadefoot (Great Basin)
  • toad (Amargosa)
  • toad (red-spotted)
  • toad (Great Plains)
  • toad (southwestern)
  • toad (Woodhouse's)

treefrog (Pacific)


  • gecko (desert banded)
  • gecko (Utah banded)
  • gecko (western banded)
  • gecko (western desert banded)
  • gecko (western fence banded)
  • lizard (collared)
  • lizard (common chuckwalla)
  • lizard (desert horned)
  • lizard (desert iguana)
  • lizard (desert night)
  • lizard (gila monster)
  • lizard (Great Basin collared)
  • lizard (Great Basin fence)
  • lizard (Great Basin whiptail)
  • lizard (long-nosed leopard)
  • lizard (long-tailed brush leopard)
  • lizard (northern desert horned)
  • lizard (northern sagebrush)
  • lizard (ornate tree)
  • lizard (side-blotched)
  • lizard (southern desert horned)
  • lizard (tree)
  • lizard (western brush)
  • lizard (western whiptail)
  • lizard (yellow-back spiny)
  • lizard (zebra-tailed)
  • skink (Gilbert's)
  • skink (Great Basin)
  • skink (western)
  • skink (western red-tailed)
  • snake (bull)
  • snake (California king)
  • snake (desert glossy)
  • snake (desert striped whipsnake)
  • snake (gopher)
  • snake (Great Basin gopher)
  • snake (Great Basin rattlesnake)
  • snake (ground)
  • snake (Mojave desert sidewinder)
  • snake (Mojave glossy)
  • snake (Mojave patch-nosed)
  • snake (Mojave rattlesnake)
  • snake (Mojave shovel-nosed)
  • snake (Nevada shovel-nosed)
  • snake (night)
  • snake (paramint)
  • snake (racer)
  • snake (red racer)
  • snake (regal ringneck)
  • snake (sidewinder)
  • snake (Sonora lyre)
  • snake (southwestern black-headed)
  • snake (southwestern speckled rattlesnake)
  • snake (speckled rattlesnake)
  • snake (spotted leaf-nosed)
  • snake (wandering garter)
  • snake (western blind)
  • snake (western diamondback rattlesnake)
  • snake (western long-nosed)
  • snake (western rattlesnake)
  • tortoise (desert)
  • turtle (Texas spiny softshell)

For more information about Nevada's amphibians and reptlies (including Latin names) click on individual animal links or for another (off-site) resource: LINK

Coloring Amphibians & Reptiles of this State


Labeling Amphibians & Reptiles of this State


Bird List for This State

To look up individual birds go to the Exploring Nature Birds Database.

For more information about Nevada's birds (including Latin names) click on individual animal links or for another (off-site) resource: LINK

Coloring Birds of this State


Labeling Birds of this State


State Symbols of this State


Use Teacher Login to show answer keys or other teacher-only items.

Citing Research References

When you research information you must cite the reference. Citing for websites is different from citing from books, magazines and periodicals. The style of citing shown here is from the MLA Style Citations (Modern Language Association).

When citing a WEBSITE the general format is as follows.
Author Last Name, First Name(s). "Title: Subtitle of Part of Web Page, if appropriate." Title: Subtitle: Section of Page if appropriate. Sponsoring/Publishing Agency, If Given. Additional significant descriptive information. Date of Electronic Publication or other Date, such as Last Updated. Day Month Year of access < URL >.

Here is an example of citing this page:

Amsel, Sheri. "Nevada Habitats, Mammals, Birds, Amphibians, Reptiles" Exploring Nature Educational Resource ©2005-2020. February 21, 2020
< > has more than 2,000 illustrated animals. Read about them, color them, label them, learn to draw them.

cheetah, tiger, panda, fox, bear, cougar