science education resource

For K-12 Students • Educators • Homeschool Families • Naturalists


To view these resources with no ads please Login or Subscribe (and help support our site).



Mercury is a planet in our solar system with the following traits:

Size: 3,031 miles wide (4,878 km)

Location in Solar System: 1st planet from the sun

Distance from Sun: 36 million miles (58 million km)

Year (length of revolution around sun): 88 earth days (shortest in solar system)

Day (length of rotation): 59 days (earth time)

Landscape: Pocked with craters like the moon, because there is no atmosphere to burn up meteors. It has daytime temperatures of 800°F (400° C) and nighttime temperatures of -300°F (-185° C).

Moons: none

See Solar System poster, chart, worksheets, matching and read and react quizzes in Science Activities and Illustrated Science Mini-Posters.

To view these resources with no ads, please Login or Subscribe (and help support our site).

Next Generation Science Standards Connection

ESS1. A  The universe  and its stars
ESS1. B   Earth and the solar system
Patterns of movement of the sun, moon, and stars as seen from Earth can be bserved, described, and predicted

Citing Research References

When you research information you must cite the reference. Citing for websites is different from citing from books, magazines and periodicals. The style of citing shown here is from the MLA Style Citations (Modern Language Association).

When citing a WEBSITE the general format is as follows.
Author Last Name, First Name(s). "Title: Subtitle of Part of Web Page, if appropriate." Title: Subtitle: Section of Page if appropriate. Sponsoring/Publishing Agency, If Given. Additional significant descriptive information. Date of Electronic Publication or other Date, such as Last Updated. Day Month Year of access < URL >.

Here is an example of citing this page:

Amsel, Sheri. "Mercury" Exploring Nature Educational Resource ©2005-2023. March 28, 2023
< > has more than 2,000 illustrated animals. Read about them, color them, label them, learn to draw them.