Plants take in sunlight, water and carbon dioxide and covert them through the chemical process of photosynthesis into glucose.
Sunlight + 6 H2O + 6 CO2 C6H12O6 + 6 O2
This fuels cellular respiration producing energy in the form of ATP used for plant growth, repair, and reproduction. This matter and energy is then passed onto the animals and other living things that consume them and used for their growth, repair, and reproduction. At death, the matter of all living things is broken down and recombined by decomposers in their ecosystems.
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Amsel, Sheri. "Matter and Energy Flows Between Organisms" Exploring Nature Educational Resource ©2005-2022. August 15, 2022
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