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Maryland Habitats, Mammals, Birds, Amphibians, Reptiles

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For a relatively small state, Maryland has diverse ecological habitats including forests, shrublands, grasslands, shale barrens, cypress swamps, boreal bogs, caves, coastal bogs, marshes, Chesapeake Bay tidal zones and barrier islands. There are only small pieces of each of these original wild habitats and many are protected in state parks and refuges.

The Appalachian Mountains run through Maryland and are included in the state’s largest area of public land – Green Ridge State Forest (47,560 acres).

Maryland once had grasslands, called The Barrens, that were kept open by grazing bison and fires. This area was heavily mined and settled and today less than 5% of the original habitat remains. Still, some of the original prairie grasses and plants remain in protected areas.

Some of Maryland’s coastal bogs have been restored and protected. They contain many interesting and unique species including carnivorous plants and orchids.

Maryland’s most famous Barrier Island is Assateague Island. With 37 miles of National Seashore, this protected habitat is home to more than 300 species of bird species and a herd of wild horses.


List of Mammals for this State

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Coloring Mammals of this State


Labeling Mammals of this State


List of Amphibians & Reptiles for This State


  • bullfrog
  • frog (carpenter)
  • frog (eastern cricket) 
  • frog (mountain chorus)
  • frog (New Jersey chorus)
  • frog (northern green)
  • frog (northern leopard)
  • frog (pickerel)
  • frog (southern leopard)
  • frog (upland chorus)
  • frog (wood)
  • hellbender (eastern) - endangered
  • mudpuppy (common) - endangered
  • newt (eastern red-spotted)
  • salamander (Allegheny mountain dusky)
  • salamander (eastern mud)
  • salamander (eastern red-backed)
  • salamander (eastern tiger)
  • salamander (four-toed)
  • salamander (green)
  • salamander (Jefferson)
  • salamander (long-tailed)
  • salamander (marbled)
  • salamander (northern dusky)
  • salamander (northern red)
  • salamander (northern slimy)
  • salamander (northern spring)
  • salamander (northern two-lined)
  • salamander (seal)
  • salamander (spotted)
  • salamander (valley and ridge)
  • salamander (Wehrle's)
  • spring peeper
  • toad (American)
  • toad (eastern narrow-mouthed)
  • toad (eastern spadefoot)
  • toad (Fowler's)
  • treefrog (barking)
  • treefrog (eastern gray)


Coloring Amphibians & Reptiles of this State


Labeling Amphibians & Reptiles of this State


Bird List for This State

Coloring Birds of this State


Labeling Birds of this State


State Symbols of this State


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Citing Research References

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When citing a WEBSITE the general format is as follows.
Author Last Name, First Name(s). "Title: Subtitle of Part of Web Page, if appropriate." Title: Subtitle: Section of Page if appropriate. Sponsoring/Publishing Agency, If Given. Additional significant descriptive information. Date of Electronic Publication or other Date, such as Last Updated. Day Month Year of access < URL >.

Here is an example of citing this page:

Amsel, Sheri. "Maryland Habitats, Mammals, Birds, Amphibians, Reptiles" Exploring Nature Educational Resource ©2005-2023. February 1, 2023
< > has more than 2,000 illustrated animals. Read about them, color them, label them, learn to draw them.