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Kindergarten - K-PS3 Energy

Grade 0 (Kindergarten) - K-PS3 Energy

Physical Science For Kindergarten

New Generation of Science Standards (NGSS) - Kindergarten

Disciplinary Core Ideas

PS3.B: Conservation of Energy and Energy Transfer
• Sunlight warms Earth’s surface. (K-PS3-1),(K-PS3-2)

Science and Engineering Practices (NGSS)

Planning and Carrying Out Investigations
Planning and carrying out investigations to answer questions or test solutions to problems in K–2 builds on prior experiences and progresses to simple investigations, based on fair tests, which provide data to support explanations or design solutions.
• Make observations (firsthand or from media) to collect data that can be used to make comparisons. (K-PS3-1)

Constructing Explanations and Designing Solutions
Constructing explanations and designing solutions in K–2 builds on prior experiences and progresses to the use of evidence and ideas in constructing evidence-based accounts of natural phenomena and designing solutions.
• Use tools and materials provided to design and build a device that solves a specific problem or a solution to a specific problem. (K-PS3-2)

Connections to Nature of Science

Scientific Investigations Use a Variety of Methods
• Scientists use different ways to study the world. (K-PS3-1)

Crosscutting Concepts (NGSS)

Cause and Effect
Events have causes that generate observable patterns. (K-PS3-1),(K-PS3-2)

Performance Expectations

Students who demonstrate understanding can:

K-PS3-1. Make observations to determine the effect of sunlight on Earth’s surface.   [Clarification Statement: Examples of Earth’s surface could include sand, soil, rocks, and water] [Assessment Boundary: Assessment of temperature is limited to relative measures such as warmer/cooler.]

K-PS3-2. Use tools and materials to design and build a structure that will reduce the warming effect of sunlight on an area.* [Clarification Statement: Examples of structures could include umbrellas, canopies, and tents that minimize the warming effect of the sun.]

Common Core State Standards Connections


W.K.7    Participate in shared research and writing projects (e.g., explore a number of books by a favorite author and express opinions about them). (K-PS3-1),(K-PS3-2)

Mathematics -
K.MD.A.2  Directly compare two objects with a measurable attribute in common, to see which object has “more of”/”less of” the attribute, and describe the difference. (K-PS3-1),(K-PS3-2)

Grade 0 (Kindergarten) - K-PS3 Energy

Citing Research References

When you research information you must cite the reference. Citing for websites is different from citing from books, magazines and periodicals. The style of citing shown here is from the MLA Style Citations (Modern Language Association).

When citing a WEBSITE the general format is as follows.
Author Last Name, First Name(s). "Title: Subtitle of Part of Web Page, if appropriate." Title: Subtitle: Section of Page if appropriate. Sponsoring/Publishing Agency, If Given. Additional significant descriptive information. Date of Electronic Publication or other Date, such as Last Updated. Day Month Year of access < URL >.

Here is an example of citing this page:

Amsel, Sheri. "Kindergarten - K-PS3 Energy" Exploring Nature Educational Resource ©2005-2021. January 19, 2021
< > has more than 2,000 illustrated animals. Read about them, color them, label them, learn to draw them.