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Grouse (Spruce)

Canachites canadensis
Grouse (Spruce)

Range

They are found in Alaska and through Canada south into the very northern parts of the U.S.

Habitat

They live in conifer forests.

Body Traits

They are large birds, with dark, gray-brown dapples above. They are lighter below. They have a fan-shaped tail with dark bars across it. They have a black throat and a bright red eyebrow.

Habits

The males make a “drumming” sound in the spring to attract a mate. They spend most of their time on the ground but will burst into flight when they are alarmed.

Diet

They eat tree buds, and some leaves, nuts and fruit and insects.

Reproduction

They nest in a low spot on the ground, lined with pine needles under the branches of a tree for cover. The female lays 4-6 green-brown eggs that blend in with the dead leaves.

Grouse (Spruce)

Classification

Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vetebrata
Class: Aves
Order: Galliformes
Family: Phasianidae/Subfamily: Tetraoninae
Genus: Canachites
Species: C. canadensis

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