science education

Exploring Nature Science Education Resource:

Life Science, Earth Science, and Physical Science Resources for K-12

Grade 5 - 5-PS3 Energy

Grade 5 - 5-PS3 Energy

Physical Science For Grade 5

LINKS to content and activities to help fulfill the Next Generation Science Standards shown below.

Next Generation of Science Standards (NGSS) - Grade 5

 

l. Goals for Enduring Understanding:

  1. The energy released from food was once energy from the sun that was captured by plants in the chemical process that forms plant matter.
  2. Plants get the material they need for growth mainly from air and water.
  3. Food provides animals with the materials they need for body repair and growth and the energy they need to maintain body warmth and for motion.

Essential Questions:

  1. How was the energy released from food once energy from the sun?
  2. What do plants need to live and grow?
  3. Where do plants get what need to live and grow?
  4. How was that energy captured by plants in the chemical process that forms plant matter?
  5. How does food provide animals with the materials they need for body repair and growth?
  6. How does food provide animals with the energy they need to maintain body warmth and for motion?
NGSS Note: Think, question, entertain ideas.

ll. Introductory Activities to Assess Prior Knowledge

A. Simple Activities - that assess students’ understanding of what plants need to grow.

Label the Parts of the Plant

What Living Things Need - Labeling

What Do All Living Things Need? Fill in the Blank
 

lll. New Knowledge - Text

A. Read about animals that live in groups and consider how this helps them.

Plant Structure - The Parts of a Plant and Flower

 Photosynthesis Simplified (Elementary Levels)

B. Examples of Models (depicts the concept expressed in the reading):

Ask students to look at the model of what a plant needs and explain how this works.

Energy Flow Between Organisms - Mini-Poster

Energy Flow in Food Webs - Mini-Poster

What Plants Need to Grow - Poster

Energy Flow Between Plants and Animals - Mini-Poster (Grade 5 NGSS)

Energy Flow Between Plants and Animals - Coloring Page

lV. Experiments, Activities, Model-making (Critical Thinking)
Inquiry related to social interactions and group behaviors. Choose and Research an animal that lives in a group and then use critical thinking to complete the social interactions and group behavior sheet below about them.

What Plants Need to Grow - Investigation (Grade 5 NGSS)

Disciplinary Core Ideas

PS3.D: Energy in Chemical Processes and Everyday Life
• The energy released [from] food was once energy from the sun that was captured by plants in the chemical process that forms plant matter (from air and water). (5-PS3-1)

LS1.C: Organization for Matter and Energy Flow in Organisms
• Food provides animals with the materials they need for body repair and growth and the energy they need to maintain body warmth and for motion. (secondary to 5-PS3-1)

Science and Engineering Practices

Developing and Using Models
Modeling in 3–5 builds on K–2 experiences and progresses to building and revising simple models and using models to represent events and design solutions.
• Use models to describe phenomena. (5-PS3-1)

Crosscutting Concepts

Energy and Matter
• Energy can be transferred in various ways and between objects. (5-PS3-1)

Performance Expectations

Students who demonstrate understanding can:

5-PS3-1.  Use models to describe that energy in animals’ food (used for body repair, growth, motion, and to maintain body warmth) was once energy from the sun. [Clarification Statement: Examples of models could include diagrams, and flow charts.]

Common Core State Standards Connections

ELA/Literacy
RI.5.7 Draw on information from multiple print or digital sources, demonstrating the ability to locate an answer to a question quickly or to solve a problem efficiently. (5-PS3-1)
SL.5.5 Include multimedia components (e.g., graphics, sound) and visual displays in presentations when appropriate to enhance the development of main ideas or themes. (5-PS3-1)

Grade 5 - 5-PS3 Energy

Citing Research References

When you research information you must cite the reference. Citing for websites is different from citing from books, magazines and periodicals. The style of citing shown here is from the MLA Style Citations (Modern Language Association).

When citing a WEBSITE the general format is as follows.
Author Last Name, First Name(s). "Title: Subtitle of Part of Web Page, if appropriate." Title: Subtitle: Section of Page if appropriate. Sponsoring/Publishing Agency, If Given. Additional significant descriptive information. Date of Electronic Publication or other Date, such as Last Updated. Day Month Year of access < URL >.

Here is an example of citing this page:

Amsel, Sheri. "Grade 5 - 5-PS3 Energy" Exploring Nature Educational Resource ©2005-2019. July 21, 2019
< http://www.exploringnature.org/db/view/Grade-5-5-PS3-Energy >

Exploringnature.org has more than 2,000 illustrated animals. Read about them, color them, label them, learn to draw them.

cheetah, tiger, panda, fox, bear, cougar