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Grade 5 - 5-ESS2 Earth’s Systems

Grade 5 - 5-ESS2 Earth’s Systems

Earth Science for Grade 5

Disciplinary Core Ideas

ESS2.A: Earth Materials and Systems
• Earth’s major systems are the geosphere (solid and molten rock, soil, and sediments), the hydrosphere (water and ice), the atmosphere (air), and the biosphere (living things, including humans). These systems interact in multiple ways to affect Earth’s surface materials and processes. The ocean supports a variety of ecosystems and organisms, shapes landforms, and influences climate. Winds and clouds in the atmosphere interact with the landforms to determine patterns of weather. (5-ESS2-1)

ESS2.C: The Roles of Water in Earth’s Surface Processes
• Nearly all of Earth’s available water is in the ocean. Most fresh water is in glaciers or underground; only a tiny fraction is in streams, lakes, wetlands, and the atmosphere. (5-ESS2-2)

Performance Expectations Students who demonstrate understanding can:
5-ESS2-1.
Develop a model using an example to describe ways the geosphere, biosphere, hydrosphere, and/or atmosphere interact.
5-ESS2-2.  Describe and graph the amounts and percentages of water and fresh water in various reservoirs to provide evidence about the distribution of water on Earth. 

Use the Template and Resource Links to Fulfill NGSS

l. Goals for Enduring Understanding:
1. Understand that Earth has four major interacting systems called: geosphere, hydrosphere, atmosphere, and biosphere.
2. Understand that Earth’s major systems include in each of their many forms: rock, water, air and living things.
3. Understand that Earth’s major systems interact affecting Earth’s surface materials and Earth’s processes (e.g. atmospheric wind and clouds are affected by mountains and the ocean to affect the Earth’s weather patterns)
4. Understand that most of Earth’s water is in the ocean.
5. Understand that most of Earth’s fresh water us in underground aquifers and frozen in glaciers, while only a small portion is in surface water (streams, lakes, wetlands) and atmospheric water (clouds).

Essential Questions:
1. What are the Earth’s four major systems?
2. What does each Earth’s system include?
3. How do each of the Earth’s systems interact with each other?
4. Where is all Earth’s water located?
5. Where is Earth’s fresh water located?

NGSS Note: Think, question, entertain ideas.

 

ll. Introductory Activities to Assess Prior Knowledge

A. Simple Activities - that assess students’ understanding of Earth’s major systems.

Earth Systems Matching
Biomes and Climate - Matching
Landforms Word Search
Layers of the Atmosphere - Matching Quiz
Geosphere Landforms - Matching Quiz
Earth Systems - Matching Quiz

B. Brainstorming Session
Question:
Break down a biomes into its different systems – geosphere, hydrosphere, atmosphere, and biosphere to illustrate the integration
    1. Break students down into groups of 3-4.
    2. Provide a picture of a biome and ask students to generate a list of which Earth System that each part of the biome belongs (e.g. animals to biosphere, rocks to geosphere, steam to hydrosphere, etc.)
    3. Discuss

 

lll. New Knowledge - Text

Read about Earth Systems and study the Earth Systems color diagrams:

Earth’s Systems – Geosphere, Hydrosphere, Atmosphere, and Biosphere Reading
Atmosphere Layers Diagram (Color)

Biosphere Mini-Poster (Color)
Geosphere and the Rock Cycle Diagram (Color)
Hydrosphere and the Water Cycle Diagram (Color)
Earth's Systems Mini-Poster
Atmosphere Layers Diagram (Color)

Examples of Models (depicts the concept expressed in the reading):
• Ask students to create a model of a biome with examples of each of the Earth's Systems. They can draw the model or create one using pictures they find online. Use this activity as an example of this:

Earth Systems Matching - Desert Biome

Assessment:
Earth Systems Interacting - Critical Thinking Activity
Earth's Systems Reading - Short Answer Quiz
Earth’s Systems- Multiple Choice Test

lV. Experiments, Activities, Model-making, Media (Critical Thinking)

Inquiry related to Earth's Systems
 

V. Summarize Knowledge - Enduring Understanding
1. Understand that Earth has four major interacting systems called: geosphere, hydrosphere, atmosphere, and biosphere.
2. Understand that Earth’s major systems include in each of their many forms: rock, water, air and living things.
3. Understand that Earth’s major systems interact affecting Earth’s surface materials and Earth’s processes (e.g. atmospheric wind and clouds are affected by mountains and the ocean to affect the Earth’s weather patterns)
4. Understand that most of Earth’s water is in the ocean.
5. Understand that most of Earth’s fresh water us in underground aquifers and frozen in glaciers, while only a small portion is in surface water (streams, lakes, wetlands) and atmospheric water (clouds).

Vl. Next Generation of Science Standards (NGSS) - Grade 5

 

Next Generation of Science Standards (NGSS) - Grade 5

Disciplinary Core Ideas

ESS2.A: Earth Materials and Systems
• Earth’s major systems are the geosphere (solid and molten rock, soil, and sediments), the hydrosphere (water and ice), the atmosphere (air), and the biosphere (living things, including humans). These systems interact in multiple ways to affect Earth’s surface materials and processes. The ocean supports a variety of ecosystems and organisms, shapes landforms, and influences climate. Winds and clouds in the atmosphere interact with the landforms to determine patterns of weather. (5-ESS2-1)

ESS2.C: The Roles of Water in Earth’s Surface Processes
• Nearly all of Earth’s available water is in the ocean. Most fresh water is in glaciers or underground; only a tiny fraction is in streams, lakes, wetlands, and the atmosphere. (5-ESS2-2)

Science and Engineering Practices (NGSS)

Developing and Using Models
Modeling in 3–5 builds on K–2 experiences and progresses to building and revising simple models and using models to represent events and design solutions.
 Develop a model using an example to describe a scientific principle. (5-ESS2-1)

Using Mathematics and Computational Thinking
Mathematical and computational thinking in 3–5 builds on K–2 experiences and progresses to extending quantitative measurements to a variety of physical properties and using computation and mathematics to analyze data and compare alternative design solutions.
• Describe and graph quantities such as area and volume to address scientific questions. (5-ESS2-2)

Crosscutting Concepts
Scale, Proportion, and Quantity
•  Standard units are used to measure and describe physical quantities such as weight and volume. (5-ESS2-2)

Systems and System Models
• A system can be described in terms of its components and their interactions. (5-ESS2-1)

Performance Expectations

Students who demonstrate understanding can:

5-ESS2-1. Develop a model using an example to describe ways the geosphere, biosphere, hydrosphere, and/or atmosphere interact.  [Clarification Statement: Examples could include the influence of the ocean on ecosystems, landform shape, and climate; the influence of the atmosphere on landforms and ecosystems through weather and climate; and the influence of mountain ranges on winds and clouds in the atmosphere. The geosphere, hydrosphere, atmosphere, and biosphere are each a system.] [Assessment Boundary: Assessment is limited to the interactions of two systems at a time.]

5-ESS2-2.  Describe and graph the amounts and percentages of water and fresh water in various reservoirs to provide evidence about the distribution of water on Earth.  [Assessment Boundary: Assessment is limited to oceans, lakes, rivers, glaciers, ground water, and polar ice caps, and does not include the atmosphere.]

Common Core State Standards Connections

ELA/Literacy

RI.5.7 Draw on information from multiple print or digital sources, demonstrating the ability to locate an answer to a question quickly or to solve a problem efficiently. (5-ESS2-1),(5-ESS2-2)
W.5.8 Recall relevant information from experiences or gather relevant information from print and digital sources; summarize or paraphrase information in notes and finished work, and provide a list of sources. (5-ESS2-2)
SL.5.5 Include multimedia components (e.g., graphics, sound) and visual displays in presentations when appropriate to enhance the development of main ideas or themes. (5-ESS2-1),(5-ESS2-2)

Mathematics
MP.2  Reason abstractly and quantitatively. (5-ESS2-1),(5-ESS2-2)
MP.4 Model with mathematics. (5-ESS2-1),(5-ESS2-2)

Grade 5 - 5-ESS2 Earth’s Systems

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