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Grade 4 - 4-ESS1 Earth’s Place in the Universe

Grade 4 - 4-ESS1 Earth’s Place in the Universe

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Disciplinary Core Ideas

ESS1.C: The History of Planet Earth
• Local, regional, and global patterns of rock formations reveal changes over time due to earth forces, such as earthquakes. The presence and location of certain fossil types indicate the order in which rock layers were formed. (4-ESS1-1)

Performance Expectations

Students who demonstrate understanding can:

4-ESS1-1. Identify evidence from patterns in rock formations and fossils in rock layers for changes in a landscape over time to support an explanation for changes in a landscape over time. [Clarification Statement: Examples of evidence from patterns could include rock layers with marine shell fossils above rock layers with plant fossils and no shells, indicating a change from land to water over time; and, a canyon with different rock layers in the walls and a river in the bottom, indicating that over time a river cut through the rock.] [Assessment Boundary: Assessment does not include specific knowledge of the mechanism of rock formation or memorization of specific rock formations and layers. Assessment is limited to relative time.]

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Use the Template and Resource Links to Fulfill NGSS

l. Goals:

  1. Understand that local, regional, and global patterns of rock formations reveal changes over time due to earth forces, such as earthquakes. The presence and location of certain fossil types indicate the order in which rock layers were formed.

Essential Questions:

  1. How can we read the early changes to the planet from the rock formations and fossils?

NGSS Note: Think, question, entertain ideas.

 

ll. Introductory Activities to Assess Prior Knowledge

A. Simple Activities - that assess students’ understanding of patterns of rock formation and fossils.

Rock Type - Matching

B. Brainstorming Session
Question: What are some Earth events that happen very quickly and others that occur very slowly.?
1. Break students down into groups of 3-4.
2. Ask students to generate a list of Earth events that happen very quickly and others that occur very slowly.
3
. Discuss

lll. New Knowledge - Text

A. Read about Earth's events happening slowly and quickly.

Rock Identification & the Rock Cycle

Examples of Models (depicts the concept expressed in the reading):

Ask students to look at the models of the rock cycle and the formation of a thunderstorm and discuss fast and slow Earth processes.

Students can create their own model with: Rock Formation Coloring

 

Rock Cycle Model
V. Summarize Knowledge - Enduring Understandings
Local, regional, and global patterns of rock formations reveal changes over time due to earth forces, such as earthquakes. The presence and location of certain fossil types indicate the order in which rock layers were formed.

Vl. Next Generation of Science Standards (NGSS) - Grade 4

Disciplinary Core Ideas

ESS1.C: The History of Planet Earth
• Local, regional, and global patterns of rock formations reveal changes over time due to earth forces, such as earthquakes. The presence and location of certain fossil types indicate the order in which rock layers were formed. (4-ESS1-1)


Science and Engineering Practices

Constructing Explanations and Designing Solutions
Constructing explanations and designing solutions in 3–5 builds on K–2 experiences and progresses to the use of evidence in constructing explanations that specify variables that describe and predict phenomena and in designing multiple solutions to design problems.
• Identify the evidence that supports particular points in an explanation. (4-ESS1-1)


Crosscutting Concepts

Patterns 
• Patterns can be used as evidence to support an explanation. (4-ESS1-1)

Connections to Nature of Science

Scientific Knowledge Assumes an Order and Consistency in Natural Systems
•  Science assumes consistent patterns in natural systems. (4-ESS1-1)

Performance Expectations

Students who demonstrate understanding can:

4-ESS1-1. Identify evidence from patterns in rock formations and fossils in rock layers for changes in a landscape over time to support an explanation for changes in a landscape over time. [Clarification Statement: Examples of evidence from patterns could include rock layers with marine shell fossils above rock layers with plant fossils and no shells, indicating a change from land to water over time; and, a canyon with different rock layers in the walls and a river in the bottom, indicating that over time a river cut through the rock.] [Assessment Boundary: Assessment does not include specific knowledge of the mechanism of rock formation or memorization of specific rock formations and layers. Assessment is limited to relative time.]

Common Core State Standards Connections

ELA/Literacy

W.4.7    Conduct short research projects that build knowledge through investigation of different aspects of a topic. (4-ESS1-1)
W.4.8    Recall relevant information from experiences or gather relevant information from print and digital sources; take notes and categorize information, and provide a list of sources. (4-ESS1-1)
W.4.9    Draw evidence from literary or informational texts to support analysis, reflection, and research. (4-ESS1-1)

Mathematics
MP.2 Reason abstractly and quantitatively. (4-ESS1-1)
MP.4 Model with mathematics. (4-ESS1-1)
4.MD.A.1  Know relative sizes of measurement units within one system of units including km, m, cm; kg, g; lb, oz.; l, ml; hr, min, sec. Within a single system of measurement, express measurements in a larger unit in terms of a smaller unit. Record measurement equivalents in a two-column table. (4-ESS1-1)

Grade 4 - 4-ESS1 Earth’s Place in the Universe

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Amsel, Sheri. "Grade 4 - 4-ESS1 Earth’s Place in the Universe" Exploring Nature Educational Resource ©2005-2019. July 19, 2019
< http://www.exploringnature.org/db/view/Grade-4-4-ESS1-Earthrsquos-Place-in-the-Universe >

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