Disciplinary Core Ideas
ESS1.C: The History of Planet Earth
• Local, regional, and global patterns of rock formations reveal changes over time due to earth forces, such as earthquakes. The presence and location of certain fossil types indicate the order in which rock layers were formed. (4-ESS1-1)
Students who demonstrate understanding can:
4-ESS1-1. Identify evidence from patterns in rock formations and fossils in rock layers for changes in a landscape over time to support an explanation for changes in a landscape over time. [Clarification Statement: Examples of evidence from patterns could include rock layers with marine shell fossils above rock layers with plant fossils and no shells, indicating a change from land to water over time; and, a canyon with different rock layers in the walls and a river in the bottom, indicating that over time a river cut through the rock.] [Assessment Boundary: Assessment does not include specific knowledge of the mechanism of rock formation or memorization of specific rock formations and layers. Assessment is limited to relative time.]
Use the Template and Resource Links to Fulfill NGSS
NGSS Note: Think, question, entertain ideas.
ll. Introductory Activities to Assess Prior Knowledge
A. Simple Activities - that assess students’ understanding of patterns of rock formation and fossils.
B. Brainstorming Session
Question: What are some Earth events that happen very quickly and others that occur very slowly.?
1. Break students down into groups of 3-4.
2. Ask students to generate a list of Earth events that happen very quickly and others that occur very slowly.
lll. New Knowledge - Text
A. Read about Earth's events happening slowly and quickly.
Examples of Models (depicts the concept expressed in the reading):
Ask students to look at the models of the rock cycle and the formation of a thunderstorm and discuss fast and slow Earth processes.
Students can create their own model with: Rock Formation Coloring
When you research information you must cite the reference. Citing for websites is different from citing from books, magazines and periodicals. The style of citing shown here is from the MLA Style Citations (Modern Language Association).
When citing a WEBSITE the general format is as follows.
Author Last Name, First Name(s). "Title: Subtitle of Part of Web Page, if appropriate." Title: Subtitle: Section of Page if appropriate. Sponsoring/Publishing Agency, If Given. Additional significant descriptive information. Date of Electronic Publication or other Date, such as Last Updated. Day Month Year of access < URL >.
Amsel, Sheri. "Grade 4 - 4-ESS1 Earth’s Place in the Universe" Exploring Nature Educational Resource ©2005-2019. July 19, 2019
< http://www.exploringnature.org/db/view/Grade-4-4-ESS1-Earthrsquos-Place-in-the-Universe >