They breed in Alaska, across Canada to northern New England, and New York and in the western U.S., south into the mountains in California, and the southwest. They spend the winters in Central and South America.
They are found in moist coniferous forests and bogs.
They are olive-brown on top with dark shoulders and sides, and white down the center of their breast. They have white tufts under wings and a large head and bill.
They sit (perch) on dead trees to watch for insects they can fly out and catch.
They eat insects.
They make an open cup nest of twigs and line it with grass and moss. They place the nest way out at the end of a branch of a conifer, safe from predators. The female lays 3 tan eggs with brown spots.
Species: C. cooperi
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