science education resource

For K-12 Students • Educators • Homeschool Families • Naturalists


To view these resources with no ads please Login or Subscribe (and help support our site).

Pan troglodytes


Chimpanzees are found in Western and Central Africa.


Chimpanzees are found in the rainforest and some grasslands (savannah).

Body Traits

They are covered with dark hair all over their bodies, except on their faces, palms, fingers and the soles of their feet. They can grow to 5 feet tall. Their arms hang below their knees. They don’t usually walk upright, but they can. They can weigh as much as 130 pounds.


They use many calls to communicate. They live in troops of more than 50 chimps with one lead male (dominant). They are thought to be the closest relative to humans in the animal kingdom. Chimpanzees are very intelligent. They use tools. Very few mammals, besides for humans, can use tools. They use twigs to fish termites and ants out of their nests and rocks to crack seeds, etc.


Chimpanzees eat meat and plants (omnivores). They feed on leaves, fruit, insects and small animals, like baby monkeys.


Predators that eat them (mostly the very young) are baboons, leopards, large snakes and man.

To view these resources with no ads, please Login or Subscribe (and help support our site).


Females are 13 years old before they have their first baby. They are pregnant for 8 months (gestation). They have 1 baby.

Lifespan and/or Conservation Status

Chimpanzees can live more than 50 years. They are considered very endangered. They are listed as endangered from both illegal hunting and habitat loss.



Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Primates
Suborder: Haplorrhini
Family: Hominidae
Genus: Pan
Species: Pan troglodytes

Citing Research References

When you research information you must cite the reference. Citing for websites is different from citing from books, magazines and periodicals. The style of citing shown here is from the MLA Style Citations (Modern Language Association).

When citing a WEBSITE the general format is as follows.
Author Last Name, First Name(s). "Title: Subtitle of Part of Web Page, if appropriate." Title: Subtitle: Section of Page if appropriate. Sponsoring/Publishing Agency, If Given. Additional significant descriptive information. Date of Electronic Publication or other Date, such as Last Updated. Day Month Year of access < URL >.

Here is an example of citing this page:

Amsel, Sheri. "Chimpanzee" Exploring Nature Educational Resource ©2005-2023. March 20, 2023
< > has more than 2,000 illustrated animals. Read about them, color them, label them, learn to draw them.