science education

Exploring Nature Science Education Resource:

Life Science, Earth Science, and Physical Science Resources for K-12

Bat (Mexican Free-tailed or Brazilian Free-tailed)

Tadarida brasiliensis
Mexican Free-tailed Bat (Brazilian Free-tailed Bat)

Range

They are found throughout the southern U.S. (especially in the southwest), in Mexico, Central America and southwestern South America.

Habitat

They roost in caves, buildings and under bridges.

Body Traits

They can reach up to 4” long and weigh up to only .5 oz. The “free” part of their tail extends beyond the flap of skin between their legs and tail (which is called the uropatagium). Their wingspan is about 11” across.  They have large ears and a short snout.

Habits

They are nocturnal, hunting at night using echolocation. Echolocation is a kind of radar that uses the bat’s high pitched calls to bounce off objects. They can actually “see” what is around them by how their calls bounce off their surroundings. They are strong flyers and climbers. They live in large colonies and are thought to be very social bats, calling and interacting in their roost. Because their colonies are large, they often spread over a larger area to feed at night than other bat species. They migrate south in the fall and return north in spring to raise their young and feed on emerging insects.

Diet

They use echolocation to find prey. They eat insects (insectivorous) – mostly moths, but will also eat ants, flies, beetles, dragonflies, etc.

Predators

Predators include hawks, owls, raccoons, snakes and opossums.

Reproduction

Females are pregnant for 3 months (gestation). They have one pup in June. They are dependent on their mother for care and nursing for 1- 2 months. Females will form group of pups (called a creche), so they can leave them to feed. They find their pups to nurse by smell and call. They have just 1 pup a year.

Lifespan and/or Conservation Status

They can live up to 10 years in the wild, but most live a much shorter time. They are exposed to pesticides because of their insect consumption, which can build up in their systems and cause a population decline. Roosting habitat disturbances can also affect populations.

Mexican Free-tailed Bat (Brazilian Free-tailed Bat)

Classification

Kingdom: Animalia


Phylum: Chordata


Subphylum: Vertebrata


Class: Mammalia


Order: Chiroptera


Family: Molossidae


Genus: Tadarida


Species: Tadarida brasiliensis

Citing Research References

When you research information you must cite the reference. Citing for websites is different from citing from books, magazines and periodicals. The style of citing shown here is from the MLA Style Citations (Modern Language Association).

When citing a WEBSITE the general format is as follows.
Author Last Name, First Name(s). "Title: Subtitle of Part of Web Page, if appropriate." Title: Subtitle: Section of Page if appropriate. Sponsoring/Publishing Agency, If Given. Additional significant descriptive information. Date of Electronic Publication or other Date, such as Last Updated. Day Month Year of access < URL >.

Here is an example of citing this page:

Amsel, Sheri. "Bat (Mexican Free-tailed or Brazilian Free-tailed)" Exploring Nature Educational Resource ©2005-2019. July 18, 2019
< http://www.exploringnature.org/db/view/Bat-Mexican-Free-tailed-or-Brazilian-Free-tailed >

Exploringnature.org has more than 2,000 illustrated animals. Read about them, color them, label them, learn to draw them.

cheetah, tiger, panda, fox, bear, cougar