There are 5 different kinds of tiger alive today; the Siberian tiger (Panthera tigris altaica) found in Russia, China, and North Korea, the Indochinese tiger (Panthera tigris corbetti) found in Burma, Vietnam and Malaysia, the South China (Panthera tigris amoyensis) tiger found in South China, the Bengal tiger (Panthera tigris altaica) found in India, Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh, Western Burma, and Tibet, and the Sumatran tiger (Panthera tigris sumatrae) found in Sumatra. The Caspian, Javan and Bali tigers are extinct.
Tigers live in tropical forests, pine forests, mangrove swamps, grasslands, and open rocky hillsides. Their habitat needs places to hide, so they can stalk and leap on prey. Unfortunately all tiger habitat is shrinking from development and timber harvest. Though protected, tigers still are poached as well. There may be fewer than 3,200 left in the wild.
As of 2000, all tigers have been listed as Critically Endangered on the CITES IUCN (International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources) Red List.
WWF (World Wildlife Fund) has created a plan for how to protect the tiger and its wild habitats and reduce poaching. The Smithsonian National Zoological Park along with the National Fish and Wildlife Foundation and the ExxonMobil Corporation have developed a fund called the Save The Tiger Fund (STF) for tiger conservation.
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Amsel, Sheri. "Tiger" Exploring Nature Educational Resource ©2005-2023. December 8, 2023
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