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Sea Urchin (Red)

Strongylocentrotus franciscanus
Sea Urchin (Red)

Range

They are found from Alaska to Mexico and in Japan.

Habitat

They live in rocky areas along coastal waters near their food source, kelp beds.

Body Traits

They are the largest sea urchin in their range, reaching about 8 inches (20 cm) across. Their spines are reddish and up to 3 inches long (7 cm). Underneath, they have a mouth for feeding and rows of tube feet on which to move along the ocean floor.

Habits

They gather in large groups near kelp beds.

Diet

They eat seaweeds (kelp) and small ocean creatures (invertebrates).

Predators

Sea otter eat them.

Reproduction

Females release eggs into the water and males release sperms into the water (broadcasting) where fertilization takes place. Small swimming larvae hatch and grow over time into adult urchins.

Sea Urchin (Red)

Classification

Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Echinodermata
Class:  Echinoidea
Subclass: Euechinoidea
Superorder: Echinacea
Order:  Echinoida
Family: Strongylocentrotidae
Genus:  Strongylocentrotus
Species: S. franciscanus

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