They are found from Alaska to Mexico and in Japan.
They live in rocky areas along coastal waters near their food source, kelp beds.
They are the largest sea urchin in their range, reaching about 8 inches (20 cm) across. Their spines are reddish and up to 3 inches long (7 cm). Underneath, they have a mouth for feeding and rows of tube feet on which to move along the ocean floor.
They gather in large groups near kelp beds.
They eat seaweeds (kelp) and small ocean creatures (invertebrates).
Sea otter eat them.
Females release eggs into the water and males release sperms into the water (broadcasting) where fertilization takes place. Small swimming larvae hatch and grow over time into adult urchins.
Species: S. franciscanus
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Amsel, Sheri. "Sea Urchin (Red)" Exploring Nature Educational Resource ©2005-2018. June 19, 2018
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