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Badger (American)

Taxidea taxus
Badger (American)

Range

They are found throughout the southern part of central Canada, and in the western to central U.S. to northern Mexico.

Habitat

They live in open areas like prairies and farmlands and on the edge of woodlands.

Body Traits

They are strong, muscular mammals, weighing up to 25 pounds (12kg) yet are less than 3 feet long. They are brown with white stripes on their triangle-shaped head that run through their cheeks and one from their nose, back to the top of their head. They have a flat body with short legs and long, pointed, snout with a tipped up nose and small ears. They have long, sharp front claws for digging. They have a strong, thick neck with loose fur that allows them to turn and scratch with the sharp claws if they are grabbed on the neck by a predator.

Habits

They dig many dens and burrows and use them for sleeping, breeding and storing food. They escape into dens when predators threaten them, often backing in to bare their teeth, hiss and snarl at the entrance. They have an aggressive temperament. Never approach a badger. They are in the weasel (mustelid) family and can emit a smelly odor to repel other animals.

Diet

They eat small mammals like squirrels, rats, and mice, also snakes, lizards, and birds. They will dig prey right out of their burrows.

Predators

They are so fierce, that they have few predators except man.

Reproduction

Females mate in summer, but have delaying implantation so embryos don’t begin to grow until winter, then are born in March. Litters are 1-5 young.

Lifespan and/or Conservation Status

They live up to 14 years in the wild.

Badger (American)

Classification

Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Carnivora
Suborder: Caniformia
Family: Mustelidae
Subfamily: Mustelinae
Genus: Taxidea
Species: Taxidea taxus

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