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Exploring Nature Science Education Resource:

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Bear (Black)

Ursus americanus
Bear (Black)

Range

The black bears of North America live in many places.

Habitat

They like old forests, swamps and scrubby places where fires have burned all the trees.

Body Traits

Their fur can be many colors from tan to brown to black. Male black bears weigh about 300 pounds. Females weigh about 150 pounds. The largest black bears reach up to 600 pounds.

Habits

Black bears are active mostly at night (nocturnal), but are often seen at dawn or dusk (crepuscular). They spend the winter in a den sleeping (hibernating). During hibernation, they don't eat or drink and lose much of their body fat.

crepuscular)

Diet

They eat plants and animals (omnivores). They eat small mammals, fruits, nuts, roots and insects.

Predators

The only predator that kills black bears is man, though one black bear may kill another.

Reproduction

Females have 1-3 babies called cubs. They are born in January or February, while in their den. Female black bears are pregnant for about 7.5 months (gestation). The babies nurse on milk for about 8 months. They stay with their mother through their second winter being taught to hunt for food and survive. That second spring, when they are about a year and half, she will chase them off to go out on their own.

Lifespan and/or Conservation Status

They live up to 30 years in the wild. The males usually live shorter than the females. They are not a threatened species.

Bear (Black)
Bear (Black)

Classification

Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Carnivora
Suborder: Caniformia
Family: Ursidae
Genus: Ursus
Species: Ursus americanus

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