They breed across North America east of the Rocky Mountains. They spend the winters in Florida, the Caribbean, central Mexico, Central America to northern South America.
They live in deciduous forests, and in parks and yards where there are big shade trees.
They have a black head, back, wings and tail. They have an orange breast, rump and shoulder patch. The females are brown with yellow underneath.
They can travel in flocks.
They eat caterpillars, fruits, insects, spiders, and nectar.
Females weave a sac nest from grass, and hair and hang it from the end of a branch at the top of a tall tree. She lays 3 - 7 pale gray eggs streaked with dark lines.
Species: I. galbula
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Amsel, Sheri. "Oriole (Baltimore)" Exploring Nature Educational Resource ©2005-2023. December 6, 2023
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