Adaptation in a population of living things happens as a result of what is called an adaptive trait. This is any inheritable trait that helps it survive and live longer which means it can reproduce longer and have more offspring (who may also have that trait). Adaptive traits can improve an animal’s (or plant’s) ability to find (or make) food, make a safer home, out-compete its neighbors, escape predators, survive cold or heat or lack of water.
Read through the 7 living things in the poster below that could be found in your schoolyard. For each name the adaptive trait and what advantage it gives the animal (or plant) i.e. helps it find food, attract a mate, etc.
1. Sugar Maple’s Adaptive Trait:
2. Pinecone’s Adaptive Trait:
3. Swallow’s Adaptive Trait:
4. Bumblebee’s Adaptive Trait:
5. Walkingstick’s Adaptive Trait:
6. Housefly’ Adaptive Trait:
7. Owl’s Adaptive Trait:
When you research information you must cite the reference. Citing for websites is different from citing from books, magazines and periodicals. The style of citing shown here is from the MLA Style Citations (Modern Language Association).
When citing a WEBSITE the general format is as follows.
Author Last Name, First Name(s). "Title: Subtitle of Part of Web Page, if appropriate." Title: Subtitle: Section of Page if appropriate. Sponsoring/Publishing Agency, If Given. Additional significant descriptive information. Date of Electronic Publication or other Date, such as Last Updated. Day Month Year of access < URL >.
Amsel, Sheri. "Adaptation in the Schoolyard - Read and React" Exploring Nature Educational Resource ©2005-2017. March 27, 2017
< http://www.exploringnature.org/db/view/1275 >