They live in western Alaska across Canada, south to southern California, northern Arizona, and eastern Texas to Florida.
They live in open leafy (deciduous) forests, mixed woods, parks, orchards and in yards.
They are the smallest (sparrow-sized) American woodpecker with a white back, black and white striped (barred) wings and a red patch on their head. Their tail is black with white outer feathers. They have a small, pointed bill. Females have a black patch on head instead of the red patch.
They come to bird feeders. They will flock with other birds in winter.
They peck for insects in trees and will also eat fruit, seeds and tree sap.
They nest in trees holes in which the female lays 3 – 8 white eggs.
Species: P. pubescens
When you research information you must cite the reference. Citing for websites is different from citing from books, magazines and periodicals. The style of citing shown here is from the MLA Style Citations (Modern Language Association).
When citing a WEBSITE the general format is as follows.
Author Last Name, First Name(s). "Title: Subtitle of Part of Web Page, if appropriate." Title: Subtitle: Section of Page if appropriate. Sponsoring/Publishing Agency, If Given. Additional significant descriptive information. Date of Electronic Publication or other Date, such as Last Updated. Day Month Year of access < URL >.
Amsel, Sheri. "Woodpecker (Downy)" Exploring Nature Educational Resource ©2005-2021. January 16, 2021
< http://www.exploringnature.org/db/view/109 >