Return to the Genetics, Cloning, Human Genome Index

Genetic Engineering

Genetic Engineering

Genetic engineering, also called biotechnology, is when scientists use something called recombinant DNA technology to make organisms that produce products people want or need. DNA technology is being used in basic research, medicine, forensics, and agriculture.


The first commercially successful use of genetic engineering was the cloning of human insulin. As shown in the illustration below, insulin was cloned by bacteria (See how this technique works in “Cloning DNA.”). The bacteria made a large amount of insulin that is identical to insulin made by humans.

In human medicine, biotechnology has been used to develop new medicines, make antibodies, and new vaccines.
 


Genetic Engineering

Content Collaboration  

Collaborative consultation on website genetics and genomics from Dr. Stephen M. Carleton, Assistant Professor, Department of Anatomy and Cell Biology, SUNY Health Science Center at Brooklyn.

PDF (Save onto Desktop for Read Aloud in Acrobat)   

click here

Citing This Reference

CITING RESEARCH REFERENCES
When you research information you must cite the reference. Citing for websites is different from citing from books, magazines and periodicals. The style of citing shown here is from the MLA Style Citations (Modern Language Association).

When citing a WEBSITE the general format is as follows.
Author Last Name, First Name(s). "Title: Subtitle of Part of Web Page, if appropriate." Title: Subtitle: Section of Page if appropriate. Sponsoring/Publishing Agency, If Given. Additional significant descriptive information. Date of Electronic Publication or other Date, such as Last Updated. Day Month Year of access <URL>.

All text on Exploring Nature was written by author, Sheri Amsel

Here is an example of citing this page:
Amsel, Sheri. “Genetics, Cloning, Human Genome.” Genetic Engineering. Exploring Nature Educational Resource. © 2005 - 2014. September 21, 2014. <http://exploringnature.org/db/detail.php?dbID=106&detID=2458>