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Exploring Nature Science Education Resource:

Life Science, Earth Science, and Physical Science Resources for K-12

Grade 2 - 2-ESS2 Earth’s Systems

Grade 2 - 2-ESS2 Earth’s Systems

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Disciplinary Core Ideas

ESS2.A: Earth Materials and Systems
• Wind and water can change the shape of the land. (2-ESS2-1)

ESS2.B: Plate Tectonics and Large-Scale System Interactions
• Maps show where things are located. One can map the shapes and kinds of land and water in any area. (2-ESS2-2)

ESS2.C: The Roles of Water in Earth’s Surface Processes
• Water is found in the ocean, rivers, lakes, and ponds. Water exists as solid ice and in liquid form. (2-ESS2-3)

ETS1.C: Optimizing the Design Solution
• Because there is always more than one possible solution to a problem, it is useful to compare and test designs. (secondary to 2-ESS2-1)

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Use the Template and Resource Links to Fulfill NGSS

l. Goals:

  1. Understand that wind and water can change the shape of the land.
  2. Understand that maps show where things are located. One can map the shapes and kinds of land and water in any area.
  3. Understand that water is found in the ocean, rivers, lakes, and ponds. Water exists as solid ice and in liquid form.
  4. Understand that because there is always more than one possible solution to a problem, it is useful to compare and test designs.

Essential Questions:

  1. How does wind and water can change the shape of the land?
  2. How are land and water mapped?
  3. Where is all the Earth's water located?

NGSS Note: Think, question, entertain ideas.

 

ll. Introductory Activities to Assess Prior Knowledge

A. Simple Activities - that assess students’ understanding of the effect of wind and water on land.

B. Brainstorming Session

Question: What are some places that have been affected by wind and water erosion you know about?
1. Break students down into groups of 3-4.
2. Ask students to generate a list of places that have been affected by wind and water and briefly decribe them (i.e. Grand Canyon).
3
. Discuss

lll. New Knowledge - Text

A. Read about the effect of wind and water on land (i.e. erosion).

Landforms and Waterways

Landforms and Waterways Definitions Matching Quiz

Landforms and Waterways Vocabulary Matching Quiz

Phases of Matter – Gas, Liquids, Solids

Making a Nature Trail Map

Examples of Models (depicts the concept expressed in the reading):

Ask students to look at the models of weather and nutrient cycle and explain how each illustrates the concept.

Water exists as solid ice and in liquid form.
Landforms and waterways

lV. Experiments, Activities, Model-making (Critical Thinking)

Inquiry related to Earth's waterways and erosion:

Erosion Activity

Waterways Coloring

V. Summarize Knowledge - Enduring Understandings

  1. Wind and water can change the shape of the land.
  2. Maps show where things are located. One can map the shapes and kinds of land and water in any area.
  3. Water is found in the ocean, rivers, lakes, and ponds. Water exists as solid ice and in liquid form.
  4. Because there is always more than one possible solution to a problem, it is useful to compare and test designs.

 

Vl. Next Generation of Science Standards (NGSS) - Grade 2

Disciplinary Core Ideas

 ESS2.A: Earth Materials and Systems
• Wind and water can change the shape of the land. (2-ESS2-1)

ESS2.B: Plate Tectonics and Large-Scale System Interactions
• Maps show where things are located. One can map the shapes and kinds of land and water in any area. (2-ESS2-2)

ESS2.C: The Roles of Water in Earth’s Surface Processes
• Water is found in the ocean, rivers, lakes, and ponds. Water exists as solid ice and in liquid form. (2-ESS2-3)ETS1.C: Optimizing the Design Solution
• Because there is always more than one possible solution to a problem, it is useful to compare and test designs. (secondary to 2-ESS2-1)


Science and Engineering Practices (NGSS)

Developing and Using Models
Modeling in K–2 builds on prior experiences and progresses to include using and developing models (i.e., diagram, drawing, physical replica, diorama, dramatization, or storyboard) that represent concrete events or design solutions.
• Develop a model to represent patterns in the natural world. (2-ESS2-2)

Constructing Explanations and Designing Solutions

Constructing explanations and designing solutions in K–2 builds on prior experiences and progresses to the use of evidence and ideas in constructing evidence-based accounts of natural phenomena and designing solutions.
• Compare multiple solutions to a problem. (2-ESS2-1)

Obtaining, Evaluating, and Communicating Information
Obtaining, evaluating, and communicating information in K–2 builds on prior experiences and uses observations and texts to communicate new information.
• Obtain information using various texts, text features (e.g., headings, tables of contents, glossaries, electronic menus, icons), and other media that will be useful in answering a scientific question. (2-ESS2-3)


Crosscutting Concepts

Patterns 
• Patterns in the natural world can be observed. (2-ESS2-2),(2-ESS2-3)

Stability and Change 
• Things may change slowly or rapidly. (2-ESS2-1)

Connections to Engineering,Technology,  and Applications of Science

Influence of Engineering, Technology, and Science on Society and the Natural World
• Developing and using technology has impacts on the natural world. (2-ESS2-1)

Connections to Nature of Science

Science Addresses Questions About the Natural and Material World
• Scientists study the natural and material world. (2-ESS2-1)

Performance Expectations

Students who demonstrate understanding can:

2-ESS2-1. Compare multiple solutions designed to slow or prevent wind or water from changing the shape of the land.* [Clarification Statement: Examples of solutions could include different designs of dikes and windbreaks to hold back wind and water, and different designs for using shrubs, grass, and trees to hold back the land.]

2-ESS2-2. Develop a model to represent the shapes and kinds of land and bodies of water in an area.   [Assessment Boundary: Assessment does not include quantitative scaling in models.]

2-ESS2-3. Obtain information to identify where water is found on Earth and that it can be solid or liquid.



Common Core State Standards Connections

ELA/Literacy
W.2.7     Participate in shared research and writing projects (e.g., read a number of books on a single topic to produce a report; record science observations).
(2-LS4-1)
W.2.8   
  Recall information from experiences or gather information from provided sources to answer a question. (2-LS4-1)

Mathematics
MP.2    Reason abstractly and quantitatively. (2-LS4-1)
MP.4  
 Model with mathematics. (2-LS4-1),(2-LS4-2)
2.MD.D.10 
Draw a picture graph and a bar graph (with single-unit scale) to represent a data set with up to four categories. Solve simple put-together, take-apart, and compare problems using information presented in a bar graph. (2-LS4-2)

 

Grade 2 - 2-ESS2 Earth’s Systems
Grade 2 - 2-ESS2 Earth’s Systems

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