Return to the Mountains of the World Index
The largest mountain range in Europe, the Alps, forms an awesome border between France and Italy. They also stretch east through Italy, Switzerland, Germany and Austria. Bordering Switzerland and Italy, the Matterhorn attracts thousands of travelers for climbing and viewing.
Even surrounded by the many millions of people of Europe, the Alps are far from tame. Hot winds sometimes blow, causing sudden warming that can launch dangerous avalanches. Formed by glaciers, the slopes lead up to the jagged peaks.
Peregrine falcons nest on high, rocky crags, swooping down to catch small birds in mid-flight. Groups of agile goat-like chamois leap from rocky ledge to ledge. Here they can graze on lichens and grasses. Even pine needles are edible food. As winter approaches, the chamois move down into the forested slopes. The ibex lives even higher up on the Alps' snowline. A wild goat, the ibex has been heavily hunted for meat until it has become endangered. Golden eagles soar, hunting for rodents or even a chamois fawn.
These mountains are covered with beech, oak, pine and spruce. In the spring and summer, high mountain slopes bloom with mountain azalea, campanulas, and many other wildflowers.
Recommended Books and Products
Do you need a visual aid in the classroom to help teach about biomes? Try the Biomes Flip Chart Set. Each Curriculum Mastery Flip Chart is mounted on a sturdy easel and features:
- 10 Double-sided, laminated 12" x 18" charts
- Side 1 features a colorful, graphic overview of the topic
- Side 2 serves as a "write-on/wipe-off" activity chart featuring questions, labeling exercises, vocabulary review & more!
- Activity Guide featuring black-line copy-masters & exercises
Set Includes the following 10 charts:
- Ecosystems & Biomes
- Tropical Rainforests
- North American Desert
- Polar Regions - Arctic Tundra
- Polar Regions - Antarctica
- Grasslands - Prairies
- Grasslands - African Savanna
- Temperate Deciduous Forest
- Wetlands - Swamps and Bogs
- Wetlands - Lakes and Ponds
Citing This Reference
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When citing a WEBSITE the general format is as follows.
Author Last Name, First Name(s). "Title: Subtitle of Part of Web Page, if appropriate." Title: Subtitle: Section of Page if appropriate. Sponsoring/Publishing Agency, If Given. Additional significant descriptive information. Date of Electronic Publication or other Date, such as Last Updated. Day Month Year of access <URL>.
All text on Exploring Nature was written by author, Sheri Amsel
Here is an example of citing this page:
Amsel, Sheri. “Mountains of the World.” The Alps. Exploring Nature Educational Resource. © 2005 - 2013. May 23, 2013. <http://exploringnature.org/db/detail.php?dbID=44&detID=579>
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